Mohammad Nagar Talukedari, a village in tehsil Malihabad of Uttar Pradesh is famous for the production of dried mango slices locally known as Khattai. Women folk are involved in this practice using old age technology. Some of the problems we identified were inferior quality of produce, inadequate drying, inefficient peeling and predominance of middlemen in the marketing channel. A total number of 60 rural women from small, marginal and landless farm families were roped in for hands on training to hone their skill for improved dry mango slice production. Our intervention included an improved method using mango peeler, solar dehydrator, preservative and marketing of produce through an NGO. This led to the enhancement of income to the tune of 50.98% in small, 50.61% in marginal and 47.67% in landless farm families. Use of mango peeler enhanced 4.50% slice recovery and reduced 26.49% time in peeling over the traditional knife. The solar dehydrator enhanced 8-10°C temperature over ambient temperature which helped in fast and uniform drying. The dried mango slices produced through improved method contains lower moisture (8.44%) and non enzymatic browning (0.136) whereas high titrable acidity (21.33%) and total phenol (0.718 g/100 g) as compared to traditional method.
The present study aimed to analyze the impact of major determinants of participating in formal credit market and amount of credit borrowed at household level in rural India. National Sample Survey Organization’s household level data on debt and investment (70th round, 2012-13) was used for analysis. Heckman sample selection model was employed to analyze the functional relationship between amount of credit availed and household level characters. Larger farm size, Kissan Credit Card and bank account holding were the major factors determining the accessibility of more amount of formal agricultural credit in rural regions.
In the current era of globalisation, small businesses are required to be able to compete in the market. Utilising information technology in the form of Internet media is the way out for them. This study aims to explore the use of the Internet by micro and small enterprises (MSEs) in Indonesia. For this purpose, this study analysed secondary data on Internet use by MSEs and primary data were collected from face-to-face interviews with randomly selected 482 owners of MSEs in various cities and types of business. The secondary data analysis shows that only a small fraction of MSEs in the country utilise the Internet for their businesses, although it varies by province and type of business. From the primary data analysis, three interesting findings revealed, namely: (i) manufacturing industry is the type of business with the most Internet usage; (ii) young respondents use the Internet more than older respondents; and (iii) higher educated respondents are more likely to use the Internet in running their businesses than low educated respondents.
The research work focuses on cashew production in Lower Niumi of North Bank Region. Gambia’s economy is predominantly supported by agriculture, and cashew as a cash crop has recorded an increasing amount of production in metric tons per annum. Cashew provides income for many farmers in the rural communities especially where this survey was conducted. The main objective of the research was to determine the prospect of cashew production, processing and marketing and identify problems faced by the producers. The research was conducted in Amdallai, Fast Njaga Njoi and Kerr Jatta. Thirty (30) cashew farmers were randomly selected and interviewed.The result shows that, twenty-three (23) male cashew farmers have attained education while seven female have attained level of primary school education. Furthermore, result showed that, 78% of male farmers are engaged in cashew production for consumption and income generation while 33% of female producers produce cashew for income respectively. In conclusion, cashew production has great economic potentials for vibrant income generating activity and social protection. It is recommended that farmers undergo production and related business management training programs on the best adaptive agronomic practices.
Cotton is the most important cash crop of the country which significantly contributes to the Pakistan’s economy. It is a significant source of foreign exchange earnings. Cotton leaf curl virus (CLCV) is one of the most lethal diseases of the cotton crop. The cheap quality and low standard cotton comes in the market due to the lack of farmer’s knowledge about CLCV. The study is conducted to assess the knowledge level of farmer’s regarding different aspects of cotton leaf curl virus in Tehsil Jhang, Punjab, Pakistan. The data is collected by using a pre-tested scheduled interview and interpreted by using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). All the respondents are aware of Cotton Leaf Curl Virus disease. About 45.8% of the respondent has very high level of knowledge about the damage caused by CLCV, 22.5% have high, 15.8% medium, 10% low and 5.8% have very low level of knowledge. The knowledge of farmer community about cotton leaf curl virus is poor due to which cotton leaf curl virus has become a big threat of cotton. Keeping this in view, the present study was designed. Incidence and severity of CLCV in the Punjab, Pakistan must be reduced. This is possible by a sound, viable and dynamic integrated disease management program.