This study aimed at describing poverty incidences in Kenya in relation to regional characteristics, household characteristics and farming systems, with a view to using the research findings to make recommendations for poverty alleviation and wealth creation. The study used social capital; a non-monetary indicator to gain a deeper understanding of causes of poverty in Kenya with a view to identifying the poor and what makes them poor in order to plan for them. A logistic regression mode was fitted using secondary data from the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics’ Integrated Household Budget Survey of 2005/2006. The model had household characteristics, regional characteristic and farming systems as independent variables (IVs) and socio-economic status as the Dependent Variable (DV).The results indicated that the likelihood that a household is poor is related to household income, the household head traits, household characteristics, regional (provincial) characteristics and farming systems’ characteristics. The results further proved that the use of Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) approach to determine the composite poverty indicator yields the same results as when an asset index or any other technique is used. From the findings, there is need for concerted efforts, from government as well as other stakeholders, towards provision of services (seedlings, extension services and other agricultural inputs) to both large scale and small case farmers; increasing awareness on the importance of crops diversification; construction; and rehabilitation of infrastructure facilities and checking on population growth.
Aims: To evaluate the role of indigenous knowledge in the use and conservation of wild medicinal food plants in Loita sub-county, Narok County.
Study Design: Stratified random sampling was used to select respondents.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in Loita sub-County of Narok County in Kenya for six months.
Methodology: Data was collected through a household survey, key informant interviews and focused group discussions using a semi-structured questionnaire. For the household survey, 160 households were interviewed while 10 key informants consisting of traditional healers, village elders, spiritual leader and opinion leaders were used. The focus group discussions comprised of 15 participants (8 men and 7 women). The data collected was on habitat categorisation and use, knowledge sharing and traditional conservation methods for the species. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics to generate means, frequencies and percentages.
Results: Three habitat categories were identified; grasslands (Olpurkel/Ongata), bushland (oloiparag) and highland forests (osupuko) based on topography and dominant species. The forest habitat was ranked 1st as a source of water and wild medicinal food plants by both men and women and 4th (men) and 2nd (women) for dry season grazing. The grass and bushlands were considered best for grazing, cultural activities and wildlife by both genders. Additionally, the results indicated that the community named localities after dominant or unique species occurrence. The community has cultural zones with differentiated use, sacred species such as Ficus thoningii (Oreteti) and Arundinaria alpina (Oltiyani) and indigenous knowledge on sustainable use of the species.
Conclusion: The indigenous knowledge on habitat classification and different uses of wild plant species has contributed to the conservation of wild medicinal food plant species in Loita. The use of dominant plant species to give names to localities can be used to reconstruct environmental history even after species are depleted.
This paper aims to evaluate recreation use value and to identify the factor that determines the recreation use value of the Sim's park. Finally to estimate consumer surplus of visitor and happiness among visitors in the park. The Sim's park which is located in Conoor, The Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu was purposively selected for the research study. The study was conducted for the year 2016-17. Primary data was collected from 90 sample visitors employing simple random sampling technique. Analytical tools used for the study was Individual Travel cost method and Multinomial Logit model. The results of the study revealed that by using log-linear trip generating analysis factors such as that travel cost, location, the age of the respondent, family size, family income, mode of transport and park quality are those that determine the visits to the park. Estimates in the research indicate that the Individual consumer's surplus was calculated at Rs.1757.68, which translated into an annual aggregate value of Rs.111.97 crores in 2017. Multinomial logit estimated as travel cost increased the probability of being very happy and happy was decreased when compared with probability of somewhat happy visitors. This insists on the importance of conservation of such recreational sites and helps to construct the policies.
This study is focused pepper production and socio-economics of pepper producers in Delta State, Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 50 farmers out of the population of pepper farmers. Structured questionnaire was used to collect the relevant information. Data collected were analysed with help of descriptive statistics and gross margin analysis. The result of the study revealed that 44% of the pepper farmers fall within the age of 40-49 years and 54% had no formal education. The household size ranged from 6-10 persons, while about 72% of pepper farmers do not belong to any cooperative society. The pepper producers were mostly small scale farmers, and 50% of them have a farming experience of 6-10 years. The result gotten from the gross margin analysis revealed a total cost per acre of ₦61,300 and the returns per acre was ₦95,000. An average sampled farmer had a gross margin of ₦33,700. The rate of returns 1.6 shows that for every1.00 naira investment by pepper farmer a profit of ₦1.60 was realised. The study identified some constraints of pepper producers to includes, lack of access to credit, price instability, pest and diseases, lack of irrigation facilities among others. Based on the finding, the study recommends that farmers should be encouraged to form cooperative societies. More so, Delta state government should assist pepper farmers with farm inputs and credit with low interest rate and organise training for pepper farmers on modern practices.
Short Messaging Services (SMS) through mobile phones have redrawn the contours of Agricultural Technology transfer. In order to enable the farmers to make full use of SMS as a tool for technology delivery, the extent of influence of myriad of factors is to be ascertained. Hence, a study was conducted with the aim of analysing the factors influencing the reception and utility of Short Messaging Services among 120 farmers as respondents in Virudhunagar district of Tamil Nadu. The results of the study revealed that among the factors, readability of messages, understandability of messages, size of the messages, font size of the messages and more information in one message were found to have ‘high influence’ to ‘moderate influence’ upon the respondents to receive and utilise SMS. There was moderate to high influence exerted by the factor ‘previous experience of receiving messages’ upon the respondents while the factor ‘successful experience of adopting the technologies given through the messages’ had less influence. The factor analysis resulted in the extraction of three factors which got loaded based on message and season, mobile and technical aspects of message and the influence of personality on the reception of messages.