Open Access Original Research Article

Adoption of Climate Resilient Technologies by Paddy Growers

K. V. Manjunath, K. Shivaramu, D. K. Suresh

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/44957

The present study was conducted during the year 2017-18 in the Mandya district of Karnataka state. Two villages each in Head reach and Tail end area of Krishna Raja Sagar (KRS) Dam were randomly selected. In each selected village twenty five paddy growers were randomly selected. Thus, 100 farmers constituted the sample for the study. The data was collected from the respondents using a structured interview schedule developed for the purpose. The data collected was analysed and tabulated using appropriate statistical tools. The results of the study revealed that, Majority of the Head reach farmers have low-medium adoption level, whereas Majority of the Tail end farmers has medium-high adoption. The correlation analysis indicated a positive and significant relationship at one per cent level between the independent variables such as education, risk orientation, cosmopoliteness, scientific orientation, mass media exposure, extension participation, innovative proneness, extension contact and adoption. While economic motivation had a positive and significant relationship with adoption at five per cent level. The R2 value dipicted that all the 16 independent variables had bestowed to the extent of 63.26 per cent of the variation in adoption level of farmers towards climate resilient technologies.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of the Social Barriers Constraining Increased Breadfruit Tree Cultivation in Southeast Nigeria

David Okechukwu Enibe

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/44833

The study analysed the social barriers constraining increased breadfruit (Treculia africana) planting in Southeast Nigeria. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire administered on 260 respondents selected through a simple random sampling process from 13 communities in Anambra and Enugu States of Southeast Nigeria. From the respondents, 4 in-depth interviews were conducted for more detailed information and verification of some answers in the questionnaire. Data were realised with descriptive statistics. The results reveal that significant proportion (52%) of the farmers had certain beliefs about the crop, but that the beliefs that the crop is not meant to be cultivated, planted by young people and others are unlikely to be significant reasons for its limited planting. The result, however, indicates that systems norm of free fruit head collection (32.14%) is likely to be a significant reason for the limited planting of the trees in the farm fields of some communities in the study area. The result suggests that the norm may be a barrier to using the crop for climate stress adaptation in those communities. The study, therefore, recommends that proactive measures such as holistic education and awareness programmes should be employed by change agencies to overcome breadfruit planting social barriers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) Analysis for Farmer Companies to Re-emerge as Social Business Models in Sri Lanka: A Case Study in Ridebendiela Farmer Company

Sanduni Rathnayake

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/45311

The study objective was to carry-out strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threat (SWOT) analysis for one of the initial farmer company (FC) established in Sri Lanka. The study was conducted in Ridebendiela FC (RFC) in Kurunegala district in Sri Lanka between the periods of March, 2011 – March, 2012 (one year). Primary data was collected from 70 shareholders (SHs) by using a pre-tested questionnaire. And informal discussions were also held with FC personnel. The secondary data were collected from FC reports, books, journals and internet. The generated data were analysed using SPSS version 17. The results from the study identified specific strengths and weaknesses, which are generated within FC and opportunities and threats, which are originated externally. Certain strengths such as availability of pool of physical and human capital, and some opportunities such as already established business relationships will be helpful for the company’s performance. On the other hand, certain weaknesses such as lack of entrepreneurial competencies of the management and threats such as government policy changes are hindering FC performance as a social business (SB) It is recommended that the establishment of external body equipped with good entrepreneurial skills in order to monitor, evaluate and take corrective measures with respective to negative attributes will help in the sustainability of the farmer's company. Also, a longitudinal study about the company will be important to learn lessons from the past, which could be used for future prospect.

Open Access Original Research Article

Determinants of Chilli Pepper Production in Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria

Oyewo, I. O., Odusanya, F. A., Aluko, A. K., Owoloja, A. O., Aduloju, A. R.

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/44025

This study analyses the determinant of chilli pepper production in Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. The data were collected from 80 pepper farmers with the aid of a structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis were used to analyse the data. The results revealed that 71.2% were male with a mean age of 42.4 years and 76.2% had one form of formal education or the other. The majority (80%) of the farmers financed their production through personal savings, 91.3% cultivated between 1 and 5 ha of land, 57.5% of them had a household size between 6 and 10 with the mean household size of 6 persons. The multiple regression result revealed that farm size and fertiliser quantity were positively significant at 1% and 5%, respectively to the pepper output. The major constraints to chilli pepper production among the sampled farmers were weather condition (100%), poor transportation system (93.8%), and pest and disease (92.5%). The study, therefore, recommended the formation of farmer's cooperative to provide agro-chemicals, fertilisers, tractors, land and storage facilities at a subsidised rate to the farmers to enable more production, and the government should also provide good roads to ensure good and smooth transportation of farm produce for sale.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Land Security on Household’s Agricultural Productivity in Benin

Shéïtan Sossou, Ahmadou Aly Mbaye

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/45205

This paper aims at studying the impact of land tenure on household’s agricultural productivity in Benin. Data used in this study come from EMICOV (Enquête Modulaire Intégrée sur les Conditions de Vie des Ménages) collected in 2012 and covered 626 Benin’s farming households. The method used is the Conditional Mixed Process (CMP) technic approach. Results show that land certificate ownership increases by 0.238 the likelihood of investing in agricultural equipment whereas the customary law ownership increases this likelihood by 0.374 compared to households without any land ownership (the squatters). Furthermore, the customary law ownership provides farmers with more security than land certificate ownership in “Collines” region. Our results suggest that public authorities recognise customary rights and reinforce legal land institutions. Finally, the best land market structure could reduce challenges related to land access and inequalities related to land resources distribution.