Open Access Short Research Article

Influence of Environmental Knowledge on Small Scale Women Farmers Adoption of Conservation Agriculture Nakuru County, Kenya

Eliud Garry Michura, Anne Jerotich Michura

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i130125

Adoption of any technology especially in agricultural practices depends on environmental dynamics. This paper evaluated the influence of environmental knowledge on women small-scale farmers on adoption of conservation agriculture (CA) in Nakuru County. Kenya as one of the developing countries in Africa faced with numerous problems particularly food insecurity, hunger, poverty, diseases and biodiversity loss as a result of conventional agriculture practiced under poor backdrop of environmental knowledge. To alleviate all these problems mentioned above, the alternative method of agricultural practice should now aim at improving conservation agriculture which was discouraged long time ago. But environmental Knowledge to adopt conservation agriculture is needed as better option for maximum agricultural yields and protection of the environment. It is claimed that, CA adoption in Nakuru County by women small-scale farmers was low and there was inadequate research documentation regarding this claim. To establish the claim whether true or not, find out why CA adoption was low in the study area, the research sampled three sites; Naivasha, Rongai and Njoro selected purposefully for differences in ecological characteristics. The sample size of 360 women farmers were randomly selected from a target population of 120,000 women farmers of which, 120 were selected from each of three Sub Counties.  Descriptive survey design using structured questionnaires; interview schedule, personal observation and focus group discussion were used to collect data. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS version 20) was used in the data processing and analysis. Descriptive statistics; frequency distributions, means, proportions, percentages and inferential statistics; Chi-square, ANOVA, Bonferroni test at alpha value (p < 0.05) level were employed to test the hypothesis. The findings concluded that knowledge of the environment influenced women small scale farmers’ adoption of CA and that CA adoption uptake was low. Recommendations; Policy and decision makers use the results to develop land and agricultural policies, provide incentives to promote small-scale women farmers, use new emerging technologies to speed up knowledge on adoption of CA in order to boost food security and conservation of the environment in Nakuru County and Kenya.

Open Access Original Research Article

Marketing Efficiency of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato (OFSP) (Ipomoea batata (L) Lam) in Nasarawa State, Nigeria

A. A. Girei, H. M. Turai, F. B. Filli

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i130121

The study assessed the marketing efficiency of orange fleshed sweet potato in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. The study covered six (6) Local Government Areas out of the thirteen (13). Two (2) LGAs each out of the three (3) Agricultural zones were selected. A random sampling technique was adopted and a sample size of (90) respondents was used. Primary data were collected through structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics, and multiple linear regression model was used as tools of analysis. Results of the study showed that 38.9% of the respondents were still young and within the active age of 21-30. Also, majority 77.8% of the OFSP marketers, were married. The regression result of the determinants of OFSP market pricing efficiency shows a coefficient of multiple determination adjusted (R -2) of 0.595 which indicates that 59.5% variation in marketing efficiency of OFSP is explained by the independent variables. The independent variable marital status was positively significant at 1% level of probability which implies that an increase in marital status will increase the marketing of OFSP at 1% level of probability while input level though significant but was inversely significant at 5% level of probability and this implies that an increase in input level will have a decrease in the input level at 5% level of probability. Age of Respondent, gender, years of experience, quantity marketed and educational level was not significant. The study recommended that young, active and educated youths in the study area should take up OFSP marketing as a profitable venture that is capable of generating employment and self-reliance, instead of relying on government jobs.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effects of Fermenter Technology on the Yield of Various Crops in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan

Asmatullah ., Ayesha Khan, Urbooba Parvaiz, Rehmat Ullah

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i130122

The principle objective of this research was to investigate the effects of fermenter technology on yield of various cash crops grown in Malakand division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. A total of 128 farmers using fermenter technology in six districts of Malakand division were the universes of the study.50.8% of the farmers using fermenter were holding a land between the groups of 1.6 to 2.5 hectares. Majority of the farmer’s 84.4% source of awareness about the fermenter technology were extension worker. Major cash crops grown by the respondents in the study area were tomato, onion and wheat. T-test results reveal a highly significant (P=0.000) increase in yield of tomato, onion and wheat. On average 1668.868 kg ha-1 increased were recorded in tomato, 1293.478 kg  ha-1 increased in onion and 98.791 kg ha-1 in wheat crop. The finding of study suggests that various crops yield were increased with adopting fermenter technology. So the fermenter technology should be promoted and imparted to the entire farming community to meet with the increasing demand.

Open Access Original Research Article

Perceived Implication of Climate Change on Fish Farming in Ibarapa Region of Oyo State, Nigeria

A. F. Bankole, A. O. Ayanboye, O. Adeosun, O. B. Osuntade, O. B. Adelodun

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i130123

The present study revealed the impact of climate change on fish farming business in Ibarapa region, Oyo State Nigeria during January to June 2017. Majority of the respondents were male (93.4%) whereas 6.6% were female. Some of the respondents (25%) have been in fish farming business for about 20 years. Major sources of water were deep well and bore-hole. The various constraints encountered in the course of the business were low water availability (25.0%), feeding cost (20.0%), weather problem (13.3%) and funds (11.7%). On awareness/perception of respondents on climate change, 75% of the farmers were aware of change in the climate phenomenon, which was basically through personal experience (33.2%). The perceived climate change factors are; drastic changes in weather condition (50%), increased incidence of drought (18.3%), heavy storms and increased incidence of flooding had 6.7% respectively, poor fish harvest (5%) was considered as the least factor on impacts of climate change.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Multistage Sampling Case Study in India of Food Packaging on Buyers’ Behavior

Saumya Bakshi, Harshika Choudhary, P. S. Badal

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i130124

Due to increasing self-service and changing consumers’ lifestyles, interest in packaging as a tool of sales promotion and stimulator of impulsive buying is growing. The basic purpose of this paper was to find out how different elements of packaging influence buyer behaviour at different stages of purchasing. Varanasi district (Uttar Pradesh) was selected for the study purposively. The Results showed that all the packaging elements are highly important to consumers’ depending on their demographics and these factors can highly influence their purchasing decision.