Open Access Original Research Article

Microcredit and Farmers’ Productivity in Osun State, Nigeria

Omobolaji Olubukunmi Obisesan, Olusegun Bankole Ojewumi, Adekunle Akintunde Obisesan

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i330131

The present work examined micro-credit and farmers’ productivity in Osun State, Nigeria. A total of 140 respondents were interviewed using structured questionnaires. Data obtained was analyzed using descriptive statistics and Tobit regression model. The research showed there was a significant relationship between household size (β=0.623), farming experience (β=0.858) and loan condition (β=1.29) on the acquisition of credit by farmers. Income generated was used as a proxy for productivity, and it was in the minimum of N20,000 per planting season. Interest rate had a negative relationship with credit acquisition which implied the majority of the farmers patronized the informal sources of credit. The research showed that loan conditions from informal sources was favorable compared to that from formal sources; and a reason for the high patronage. This, therefore, suggests that formal lending institutions should relax agricultural lending condition and provide credit for agricultural purposes to increase the productivity of farmers. 

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Production and Utilization of Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) at the Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

Wubeshet Teshome, Dessalegn Anshiso

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i330132

Background and Objective: Black cuminseed for local consumption and other importance, such as oil and oil rosin for medicinal purposes, export market, crop diversification, income generation, reducing the risk of crop failure and others made it as a best alternative crop under Ethiopian smaller land holdings. The objectives of this study were to examine factors affecting farmer perception of the Black cumin production importance, and assess the crop utilization purpose by smallholder farmers and its income potential for the farmers in two Districts of Bale zone of Oromia regional state in Ethiopia.

Materials and Methods: The survey was conducted from January to May 2018 in two Districts of Oromia region. Questionnaires, focus group discussion and field observation were used to collect data. A total of 180 Black cumin producers were selected randomly from 8 Kebele’s. The responses were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and Probit model in Stata version 13.

Results: The survey result indicated that the majority (95.56%) of the households perceived that production of Black cumin crop is important. The crop used as source of better income, medicinal crop and spice in the study area. From the total mean of agriculture income, Black cumin production contributes about 39.88% to the income the respondents. The  Probit model shows that producers perception of the importance of Black cumin production was found to be statistically and significant affected by age of households, education level, availability of labor for farm activities, access to credit facilities, average income from Black cumin, and its productivity level through time. Conclusion: The agricultural policy should give emphases at all operational level to exploit more benefit from this crop and on the production enhancement strategies, so as to bring foreseen change in the lives of the producers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analyse the Perception Level and the Causes of Migration in Mali

Moussa Diallo, Babacar Sene

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i330133

Subsistence farmers in Sahelian Africa are highly exposed to the environmental challenges associated with climate change. Temporary or Permanent emigration can offer to an individual or household the opportunity to cop against these special effects. One of the most important challenges to quantifying the impact of climate change on emigration in Mali is the lack of accurate temporal and spatial data. Emigration data must be adequately detailed to take in both long distances and short distances. The objective of this research was to identify the socioeconomic characteristics of migrants based on the push factors. For instance, to identify the characteristics of people who migrant due to bad weather or environmental challenges. From the result, the factors that significantly influenced migration were sex, age, and age squared, household size, labour constraint, and location. Multinomial logistic regression was used to analyze the subject.

Open Access Original Research Article

Farmers Current Agriculture Practices on Paddy Cultivation and Relationship with Work Performance in Iada Batang Lupar, Sarawak, Malaysia

Salim Hassan, Norfazilahton Aini Yussof, Mohammed Galadima

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i330134

This study investigated the relationship between agricultural practices as independent factors influencing work performance among paddy farmers in IADA Batang Lupar, Sarawak, Malaysia. Correlational design was use for the study between January 2017 to January 2018. It employs simple randomization and recognized sample size determinant, Krejcie and Morgan Table to select respondents. Self-administered questionnaire use to collect information from respondents. Descriptive, correlation and regression analysis was used to analyzed the data obtained for the study. Demographic profile revealed that the age range of respondents is between 39-59 years and majority are almost old between the ages of 50-59 with low educational level. While, more than half are part-time farmers. Majority had an experience between 40-50 years with a production yield of only 2.0-2.9 tons/hectare. Result on the level of independent factors as plot preparation, planting or transplanting, water source, fertilizer, weeding indicates low level while, pest and disease management and harvesting recorded high. Also, the level of dependent variable work performance indicate high level. Result on the relationship between independent and dependent factor revealed that two independent variable pest and disease management and harvesting revealed a significant relationship at 0.01 and 0.05 level with the dependent variable. While, plot preparation, planting and transplanting, water source, fertilization and weeding are not significant. Regression analysis revealed that pest and disease management and harvesting were significant to work performance with the t-value of 0.000 while others independent variables are not significant with performance since the t-value was more than 0.05. The highest contributing factor (β = 0.463) obtained by harvesting practice. Hence, adjusted R square value is 0.330 this means that pest and disease management activities and harvesting explained 33.0% variance on work performance. It concludes that agricultural practices and harvesting recorded the highest contribution to work performance.

Open Access Original Research Article

Influence of Selected Factors on the Choice of Agriculture Subject among Secondary School Students in Kisii and Nyamira Counties

Elizabeth Makori, Samson Maobe, Johnson Nyangeri

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i330135

The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of selected factors on the choice of agriculture subject among secondary school students in Kisii and Nyamira Counties. With the objective of determining the influence of teachers on the choice of agriculture subject among students, to determine the influence of gender on the choice of agriculture subject among students, to explore the extent to which students attitude influence the choice of agriculture subject and finally to determine whether school finance influence the choice of agriculture subject among students in secondary schools. A survey methodology was employed to collect data from students and teachers with the help of a Questionnaire as the instrument for data collection. The study targeted form four agriculture students and agriculture teachers. Simple random sampling method was used to sample 330 agriculture students and 22 agriculture teachers while stratified sampling was used to sample 22 schools. Data from the students and teachers was analysed using qualitative and quantitative methods. Descriptive statistics including frequencies, means, as well as, standard deviation was used while inferential statistics which includes Pearson correlation and t-test was used to test the hypothesis, with levels of significance set at 0.05.Stastistical package for social sciences software version 20 was used for data analysis. The findings of this study show that agriculture teachers have got influence on student's choice of agriculture subject. The study revealed further that the gender of the student does not influence the choice of agriculture as a subject neither does the gender of a teacher influence student’s choice of agriculture. Additionally, the positive attitude exhibited by the students by studying agriculture often and quest to know more has an influence on choice of agriculture as a subject. Lastly, resources do not influence the choice of agriculture as a subject. The findings of the study might be useful to parents, teachers and the ministry of education. The study recommended that principals of schools to monitor syllabus delivery to ensure that the right content is taught, that career and guidance to be strengthened in schools for this will create awareness on career opportunities in the job market and finally ministry of education through the government to provide enough funds to schools to enable purchase of teaching learning resources.