Open Access Original Research Article

Determinants of Farmers’ Choice among Alternative Rice Output Markets in Kano State, Nigeria

S. Abdulrahman, M. A. Abdullahi, O. S. Adejoh, A. S. Onwuaroh, G. Binuyo

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i430136

The aim was to analyze the output market outlets accessible to rice farmers and determinants of farmers’ choice among alternative rice production in Kano State, Nigeria. Primary data were collected from 164 rice farmers with the aid of structured questionnaire. This study was conducted in Kura, Garun Malam and Bunkure Local Government Areas of Kano State during 2015 cropping season. A multistage sampling techniques were used for data collection through the use of structured questionnaire. The ordered probit  model was used to estimate the parameters of the determinants of farmers’ choices among alternative rice output market outlets by rice farmers in Kano state. The generalized likelihood ratio statistics was -113.401.  This ratio exceeds the critical chi-square values at p<0.01 level of significance. The log likelihood ratio value represents the value that maximizes the joint densities in the estimated model. This shows that at least one of the predictors' regression coefficient is not equal to zero in the model. The Prob > chi2 was (50.03) and statistically significant at p<0.01 level of probability. The probability of obtaining this chi-square statistic shows the effect of the predictor variables on specified alpha level. This implies that at least one of the regression coefficients in the model is not equal to zero. farmers’ choices among alternative rice output market outlets was significantly determined by educational status of the farmers, access to credit, cooperative membership, distance to market, quantity of output produced by the farmers and  market price of rice (P<0.10). Based on the findings of this study, it could be concluded that the most commonly used output markets by rice farmers was rural assembler (82.3%). Despite increasingly competitive markets, pricing issues for rice remains a concern for farmers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Content Analysis of Agricultural Information Published in Daily Lokmat Times

K. Venkatesha, V. B. Kamble

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i430137

Aim: The present study analyzes space covered by the agricultural information and the form of its presentation in English daily newspaper ‘Lokmat Times’ published from Aurangabad district of Maharashtra.

Study Design: Random sampling method.

Place and Duration of Study: The research was carried out in Department of extension education, college of Agriculture, Latur. Fifty two issues of ‘Lokmat Times’ daily published from 1 June 2013 to 31 May 2014 was selected and studied with the help of specially designed proforma for collection and analysis of the contents of ‘Lokmat times’ daily. The data was presented in the form of percentage and frequencies.

Methodology: The selection of ‘Lokmat Times’ newspaper issue was done for the period, June 1, 2013 to May 31, 2014. This period was selected for the study because of the availability of newspaper issues. About 52 Sunday issues will be studied from 1 June, 2013 to 31 May, 2014. It will be considered on the basis of agricultural information appeared in every Sunday.

Results: The agricultural information occupied very small space (1.20%) as compare to non-agricultural information (83.59%). Agricultural outlook topped in terms of frequency (24.62%) of total agricultural information. News story (41.54%) was the common form of presenting agricultural information. News story (0.50 per cent) occupied the highest space followed by photo news (0.32%) out of total agricultural space. Most of the agricultural information published on right side (55.38%) of the newspaper.

Conclusion: In case of space devoted to agriculture is less; most common type of agriculture is news story form and most of the agricultural information presented in right side.

Open Access Original Research Article

Evaluating the Most Suitable Tree Species Using Land Expectation Value: A Case Study from Plantation in North of Iran

Zohreh Mohammadi, Soleiman Mohammadi Limaei, Teymoor Rostami Shahraji

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i430138

Plantation in north of Iran is rapidly increasing by local farmers and state but it is not clear which species is most suitable for perpetual timber production. Thus, this study is carried out to evaluate the most suitable timber species among ash (Fraxinus excelsior), elm (Alnus glutinosa), maple (Acer velutinum), oak (Quercus castanifolia), bald cypress (Taxodium distichumin) in north of Iran for evaluation of most suitability using Land Expectation Value (LEV). Data such as wood price at forest road side and variable harvesting cost was collected from secondary souce especially General Office of Natural Resources in Guilan province for a period of 20 years. Average annual increment of different species derived from previous researches. Consumer Price Index (CPI) was used for deflation of stumpage price. Regression analysis was used to predict the stumpage price of different species. Then, the mean price process was determined for different species. Faustmann's formula was used to determine the LEV or Net Present Value (NPV) for a perpetual timber production of different species.  The results showed that the LEV of ash, elm, maple, oak and bald cypress were 2623.883, 4653.042, 4319.9644, 2206.8788, 8064.667 (0.33 US dollar/ m3), respectively. The LEV of bald cypress was the highest, so it can be concluded that this species is the most suitable for timber production.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Responsible for Livelihood Diversification of Unirrigated Farmers

Sathyapriya Eswaran, Asokhan Murugan

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i430140

Livelihood diversification is the process by which households construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities for survival and in order to improve their standard of living. Farmers were shifting their occupation from one to another because of several reasons. Hence, this study was undertaken with the objective to elucidate the factors responsible for the occupational change of agrarians. The study was conducted in the western zone of Tamil Nadu, with a sample size of 120. The samples were drawn by using purposive sampling method. The factors were collected from relevant literature, farmers, extension personnel and scientists and finally, the collected items were sent for the judge’s opinion. Based on the judges rating the valid items were selected and used for interview schedule construction. The information was gathered by using a pretested well-structured interview schedule. The respondents asked for responding to each and every factor based on the nature of influence. The calculated index score was ranked to identify the higher influencing factors for livelihood diversification of agrarians. Notable findings of the study were, production factors contributed vastly for agrarian’s livelihood change among all other categories either pushing or pulling the respondents.

Open Access Original Research Article

Technical Efficiency and Production Risk of Rice Farms under Anchor Borrowers Programme in Kebbi State, Nigeria

A. H. Kara, M. N. Shamsudin, Z. Mohamed, I. B. Latiff, K. W. K. Seng

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v31i430141

This study estimates technical efficiency and production risk of rice farms under Anchor Borrowers Programme (ABP) in Kebbi State, Nigeria. The study employed Stochastic Frontier Production (SFA) with flexible risk specifications to a sample of 231 rice producers surveyed in 2016 production season. The findings shows that seed, fertilizer, agrochemicals and labour inputs influenced rice output positively. The production technology characterizing rice farms in the study area exhibit increasing returns to scale. Fertilizer and agrochemicals are estimated to decrease variance of the value of output while seed and labour are estimated to increase the variance of the value of output. This implies that a risk-averse farmer will use more of fertilizer and agrochemicals and less of seed and labour than a risk neutral farmer. The mean technical efficiency estimates was 85.3 percent. Several characteristics of the farmers such as education, farming experience, extension contact, land cultivation technique and planting technique significantly decrease technical inefficiency of the farmers. The study concludes that, on the average 14.7 percent of potential output is lost due to technical inefficiency and production risk in inputs and recommends the use of best farm practice to produce rice efficiently. Policy option should also consider the incorporation of production risk in technical efficiency analysis if the inputs are non-neutral in risk.