Open Access Original Research Article

Sources of Information & Their Extent of Utilization by Actors in AKIS for Betel Vine Growers in Nadia District of West Bengal

Manaranjan Biswas, Anindita Saha, Samir Ranjan Dash

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v32i430158

Studying Agriculture Knowledge Information System (AKIS) in terms of generation, dissemination, transformation, utilization, storage and retrieval of knowledge and information is needed for agriculture development.  A study was conducted in Nadia district of West Bengal and Betel vine growers, Extensionist, Researchers were considered as respondents. Cultivation of betel vine is one of the most important horticultural crops at it is gradually increasing its popularity in the Nadia district as cash crop. It is observed that in- adequate information regarding Betel vine production in the sampled areas, almost cent percent growers were using their own traditional planting materials since long and growing their crops with their indigenous knowledge, skill and their past experiences. They have little awareness regarding the improved method of cultivation. The study further indicated that the respondents were receiving better information and technical knowhow about betel vine cultivation from Opinion leader, participating in training programmes, discussing with Extension personnels, input dealers, neighbours and different NGOs and to some extent from electronic media. The respondents treated relatives, neighbours and co-operatives as better credible sources followed by demonstration, campaign, Argil. University expert, Krishi-mela, Leaflet and Input dealers and electronic media to some extent. Establishment of research station, transfer knowledge information system and marketing system might be useful for realising better return on betel vine cultivation and young farmers are quite enthusiastic to cultivate the betel vine and promotion of this crop should be continued in the other parts of the district for gainful employment through need based and location specific  technology  support system. 

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Post-harvest Losses of Yam in North-East Zone of Benue State, Nigeria

Agba Solomon, Ode Idu, Ugbem Comfort, Nwafor Solomon

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v32i430159

The study analyzed the post-harvest losses of yam in North-East Zone of Benue state, Nigeria. It ascertained the level of postharvest losses of yam, identified the factors precipitating postharvest losses of yam identified the strategies adopted by yam farmers for reduction of postharvest losses of yam in North-East Zone of Benue State, Nigeria. The study consisted of a total sample size of two hundred and four (204) yam farmers drawn from three local government areas of North-East Zone of Benue state. The result identified pest attack, storage method, temperature, disease and infection, poor transportation, theft, underdeveloped market and exposure of yam to sunlight as factors precipitating post-harvest losses in the area. It also shows the result of the assessment of yam farmers in the study area regarding the level of losses they experience at various stages of yam postharvest activities. The value of the coefficient of multiple determinants (R2), is 0808, which implies that about 80.8% of the postharvest losses of yam in the study area is explained by the explanatory variables included in the model. The F-statistic of the lead equation is significant at 1% (28.122). Coefficients of pest attack disease and infections of yam, poor transportation facility, poor handling method used, excessive exposure of yam to sunlight, were positively related to postharvest losses of yam in the study area at 1% level of significant. Coefficient of storage method, temperature of the area and theft of yam in the study area were positive and significant to postharvest losses of yam at 5% level of significant. Given that, the computed F- value (28.122), was significantly higher than the tabulated F-value (9.33), at 1% level of significance, and (3.11) at 5% level of significance; the null hypothesis was therefore rejected and the alternative hypothesis was accepted. The study recommends provision of yam flour processing factory, which will provide a ready yam market that will reduce postharvest losses of yams and also increase the economic value of yams in the area.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Zinc and Boron Application on Yield of Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) in Bharuch District of Gujarat

D. J. Modi, L. M. Patil, H. M. Vasava, M. M. Patel

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v32i430160

The field demonstrations were carried out during 2016-17 in Rabi season to know effect of zinc and boron on yield of brinjal at total 10 farmers from Bharuch district. The production of brinjal is quite low in some part of the district due poor soil fertility status and imbalance fertilizer application by farmer. There was complete absence of micronutrients application to the crop. The initial soil analysis data showed deficiency of zinc and boron in experimental soil. Thus, to compare effect and method of use of zinc and boron; soil application and foliar spray were made along with improved practices against farmer practices. The highest plant height, average fruit weight, number of fruits per plant and fruit yield of brinjal was recorded with the soil application of zinc and boron which was superior over the foliar spray and farmer’s practices. The gross return, net return and benefit cost ratio recorded was also maximum in improved practices consisting soil application of zinc and boron as compared farmer’s practices.

Open Access Original Research Article

Estimation of the Factors Influencing the Economic Losses Due to Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in Tamil Nadu

J. Tamizhkumaran, N. K. Sudeepkumar, M. Prabu, G. Senthilkumar

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-4
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v32i430161

A study was conducted to estimate the factors influencing economic loss due to FMD at the farm level. The data were collected from the sample of 120 cattle farms randomly selected from six blocks from Nagapattinam and Thiruvarur districts of Tamil Nadu respectively. A regression model was fitted using the possible predisposing factors to explain the variations in the FMD losses. The coefficient of multiple determination (R2) in the model fitted was high (0.50), implying that the model was a good fit. The estimated regression coefficients of the variables, viz., vaccination status was found to be significant and the cumulative awareness and attitude scores of the farmers towards FMD was found to be significant at ten per cent significant level. The severe economic losses estimated to be arising out of FMD was mainly due to lack of awareness and attitude towards the FMD disease and vaccination against FMD. Realizing the enormous losses caused by the disease, the cattle owners should be made to focus more attention towards this disease through creation of adequate awareness among them through suitable extension programmes for prevention and control of FMD.

Open Access Original Research Article

Entrepreneurial Behavior and Constraints Faced by the Rose Growers

Neha P. Kulkarni, K. A. Jahagirdar

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v32i430162

The research study was conducted in Dharwad district during 2013-14, with a sample size of 120, farmers were randomly selected from three taluks viz, Hubli, Dharwad and Kalagatagi. The results revealed that 37.50 per cent of the respondents belonged to medium entrepreneurial behaviour category, whereas, 32.50 per cent and 30 per cent belonged to low and high entrepreneurial behaviour category respectively. Further, entrepreneurial behavioural characteristics such as innovativeness was medium (38.33%) in rose growers 45 per cent of rose growers had medium achievement motivation, 40 per cent of the respondents belonged to medium economic motivation category, 46.66 per cent of the rose growers belonged to intermediate decision making ability category, 42.50 per cent of the rose growers and 42.22 per cent of other farmers had medium risk orientation, 44.16 per cent of the rose growers belonged to medium level leadership ability category. The characteristics such as education, annual income, mass media exposure, extension contact, were positive and significant relationship with entrepreneurial behaviour at 1% and scientific orientation and family size were positive and significant relationship with entrepreneurial behaviour. The variables such as age and land holding were not significantly related with entrepreneurial behaviour of rose growers.