Open Access Short Research Article

Constraints Faced by the Farmers and Their Remedies in Technological Adoption of Potato Production in Farrukhbad District (Uttar Pradesh)

Mishra Amit Kumar, R. K. Dohrey, Kumar Roop, Pandey Ravindra Kumar, Kumar Akshay

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-4
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v33i330177

Potato is one of the main vegetable crops of the world. It is grown in the winter season in India. Potato production all over the world is about 382 million tonnes. Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Bihar are top three states for potato production in India. The objective of this study is to rank the constraints of using technology among farmers in India for potato production. In the adoption of potato production technology, the social constraints like lack of contact with extension personnel' had got ranked I. In case of economic constraints, ‘low profit had got ranked I. Most of the suggestion being made because of the expressed opinion of the respondents, observation of the investigator. It may be said protection of crop should be ensured from animals and farmers training programme for increasing potato production farmingstarted, and emphasis must be given to popularize and increase awareness about the production of potato.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of the Risk Management Strategies among Arable Crop Farmers in Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria

O. B. Ibeagwa, N. C. Ehirim, G. N. Ben-Chendo, I. I. Ukoha, E. C. Osuji, I. A. Maduike, M. O. Okwara, S. E. Martins

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v33i330175

The increased incidences of farming risks have been a challenge among smallholder farmers in Nigeria. This study set out to assess risk management strategies among arable crop farmers in Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria. The proportion of risk in arable crop production and the factors that influence risk in arable crop production in the study area were specifically estimated. Primary data used for the study were collected with the aid of well-structured questionnaire from eighty-four farmers in the study area. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed that majority of the arable crop farmers (52.4%) were females. The average age and household size were 54 years and 5 persons respectively. Educational level, age, farming experience, farm size, household size and farm income were the factors influencing the estimated output of the farmers due to the prevalence of risk in arable crop production. The study recommended the continuous education of arable crop farmers in the area so as to increase their capacity to deal with risk on their farms.

Open Access Original Research Article

Farmers’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) Regarding Nitrogen Fortified Organic Manure in Crop Production

Monoj Kumar Das, Md. Matiul Islam, Md. Maruf Billah

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v33i330176

The study was carried out mainly to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of farmers regarding nitrogen fortified organic manure. Data were collected from purposive-randomly selected 120 farmers from Kharnia, Atalia, Maguraghona unions of Dumuria upazila under Khulna district of Bangladesh through personal interview using an interview schedule during January to February, 2019. There were eleven personal socioeconomic characteristics of farmers selected for the study which were age, educational qualification, family size, farming experience, organic farming experience, annual income, farm size, organizational participation, agricultural training, cosmopolitanism, extension contact regarding nitrogen fortified organic manure, were treated as independent variables, whereas knowledge, attitude, practice (KAP) and faced problems were considered as dependent variables. Majority (65%) of the respondents had high knowledge, most of the respondents (85.8%) had medium favorable attitude and majority of the respondents (65.8%) had medium practice, respectively, regarding nitrogen fortified organic manure. 65% of the respondents encountered medium problem while preparing and applying nitrogen fortified organic manures in the crop field.  Although farmers usually use inorganic nitrogen fertilizer but they have favorable attitude regarding nitrogen fortified organic manure. On the basis of the response provided by the respondents’ positive statements ranked first and negative statements ranked second in gross considerations. The 1st position was ranked by the individual statement “N fortified organic manure is good” on the basis of obtained highest score (532), which was followed by “soil health is maintained” (2nd, score 530) and “great source of income” (3rd, score 488). Among the selected characteristics of farmers, annual income showed negative significant relationship with attitude while farm size, agricultural training showed positive significant relationship; and family size showed negative significant relationship with knowledge of farmers regarding nitrogen fortified organic manure. Cosmopolitanism and extension contact showed positive significant relationship with practice; while agricultural training showed negative significant relationship with problem of farmers regarding nitrogen fortified organic manure. Thus, the high knowledge, medium favorable attitude and medium practice should be utilized to design appropriate extension strategies for production and application of the nitrogen fortified organic manures by the farmers in their agricultural fields for crop production. The encountered problems also should be addressed properly to ensure timely mitigation. Proper measures should also be undertaken to make nitrogen fortified organic manure popular day by day.

Open Access Original Research Article

Participation of Rural Women in Organic Farming

Nahida Yasmin Nishi, Md. Matiul Islam, Mohammad Bashir Ahmed

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v33i330178

The study assessed the participation of rural women in organic farming and explored the relationship between selected characteristics of the rural women and their extent of participation in organic farming. This investigation was a survey type of research involving descriptive and diagnostic type of research design. The study was conducted at seven unions of Batiaghata Upazila under Khulna district of Bangladesh namely Amirpur, Gangarampur, Jalma, Batiaghata, Baliadanga, Bhanderkote and Surkhali. Data were collected from randomly selected 140 respondents during the period of 20th January to 15th February, 2019. Correlation(s) test was used to ascertain the relationships between the concerned independent variables and the dependent variable and simple linear regression was done to determine the effect of the selected five independent variables (agricultural training, knowledge, attitude, practice and problem) on participation. Majority (52.1%) of the women had medium participation followed by high (44.3%) and low (3.6%) participation. Considering broadly selected 7-aspects of organic farming, the rural women’s participation was highest in land management while it was lowest in marketing the product. Among 24 issues women were found to be greatly involved in collection of organic product from their own residence while it was least in case of collection of organic product from farm. Agricultural training, knowledge, attitude and practice showed positive significant relationship out of fifteen selected characteristics of rural women and only problem showed negative significant relationship with their participation in organic farming. In case of simple linear regression 7%, 14.44%, 18.85%, 18.96% and 8.69% of the participation can be explained by the variables as agricultural training, knowledge, attitude, practice and problem respectively. It can be concluded that women participation was confined only in small scale crop production and there is a need for further enhancement of the extent of participation of rural women in organic farming.

Open Access Original Research Article

Status of Sewage Water Generation in Karnataka, India

V. S. Radhika, G. N. Kulkarni

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v33i330179

Water is vital to the existence of all living organisms, but this valuable resource is increasingly being threatened with increasing population growth and demand for high water quality for both domestic purposes and economic activities. A critical factor in the estimation of waste water generation is the population growth. The population of the Hubli-Dharwad twin cities is the second-largest in Karnataka, after Bangalore. The present study was based on secondary (time series) data. The population and sewage water flow in twin cities was found to have increased almost nearly about twelve times with the growth rate of 1.07 percent per annum. The projected future population and sewage water generation from twin cities for three decadal points of time showed an increasing trend. This poses a challenging task in future with respect to management. The farmers consider the resource as a boon which provides water for irrigation throughout the year and serves as a source of income and employment.