Open Access Case study

Analysis of Agricultural Efficiency in Burundi

Kwizera Eloi-Edouard, Ndayitwayeko Willy-Marcel

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-16
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v33i430180

The study aims at analysing of Burundi agricultural efficiency determinants. The results have shown a low level of agricultural efficiency. The agricultural efficiency level observed in Burundi agricultural sector showed a possibility of doubling the agricultural production using the same inputs by achieving the optimum efficiency. The determinants of agricultural efficiency enhancement included improving access to market, road, extension, agricultural loan and reduction of vulnerability of young and female farmers. A focus on agricultural efficiency enhancement might be prioritised to increase agricultural income.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessing the Economic Losses to Buffalo Owners Due to Late Diagnosis of Pregnancy in Their Milch Buffaloes

Rekha Yadav, Hema Tripathi, Parveen Kumar, Nukala Ramesh

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v33i430181

Aim: The present study was conducted purposively to measure the economic losses to buffalo owners due to late diagnosis of pregnancy in their milch buffaloes.

Research Design: Ex-post facto and exploratory research design was used.

Place of the Study: Hisar and Jind districts of Murrah buffalo breeding tract in Haryana, India. Data were collected between June 2017 to December 2017.

Methodology: Data were collected through structured interview schedule from 37 buffalo owners who were taking artificial insemination services from State Department of Animal Husbandry and taking their buffaloes for the pregnancy diagnosis after three months of artificial insemination.

Results: The study revealed that the average per day per buffalo loss was found of Rs. 702 in study area. Average loss incurred by respondents per buffalo on feed was Rs. 5918, on labour Rs. 4155, on milk Rs. 13640 and total economic loss was Rs. 3925 due to late diagnosis of pregnancy.

Conclusion: Thus there is need to create awareness among the farmers regarding advantages of timely pregnancy diagnosis in their animals to minimize these losses in order to get maximum revenue from the animals.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Factors Influencing the Price of Paddy Rice in Benue State, Nigeria

Ogah, Odey Moses, Tyo, Iveren, Abiyoung, Paul Abah

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v33i430184

The study analyzed the factors influencing the price of paddy rice in Benue State, Nigeria. Data were collected from 113 rice farmers’ marketers using multi-stage sampling technique. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multi-regression model. The study revealed that respondents were in their active age, mostly males (65.5%), married (69.0%) formal education (79.6%), average marketing experience of 9 years and 10 members per household. Quality type of paddy rice, season and transport cost were the important and significant variables that influence the price of paddy rice in the study area. These were significant at 5%, 5% and 1% levels of probability respectively with an R2 value of 0.77. Based on these findings, it is recommended that government should construct new roads and rehabilitate rural feeder roads to ease movement of produce and also provide incentives to women to encourage them in farming. The three tiers of governments should provide adequate transportation system to help in conveying paddy rice from their place of production to the place of consumption.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Affecting Sustainability of Donor Funded Food Security Projects in Tharaka South Sub-County, Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya

M. Mutegi Anita, K. Gathungu Geofrey, Sande Anne

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v33i430185

Project activities have been used to solve food insecurity problems. However, despite efforts made by the Government and other development partners to implement food security projects in areas of need project activities collapse after the withdrawal of support by donors limiting sustainability these projects. Therefore, this study sought to fill this gap by investigating factors which affect sustainability of donor funded food security projects in Tharaka South Sub-County, Tharaka Nithi County using there source based and stakeholder theories. The study was exploratory and was executed through a descriptive survey and targeted donor funded food security projects which included Njaa Marufuku, National Agriculture Sector Extension Policy, Food for Asset and Mount Kenya East Pilot Project for Natural Resource Management (MKEPP). The study used both simple random and purposive sampling methods in a population of 400 community project beneficiaries, Social Development Officer, project officers and opinion leaders and a sample of 238 respondents was adopted. Questionnaires with both closed ended and open-ended questions were used as the main research instruments to solicit information and the data obtained was coded and subjected to analysis using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Out of sample of 238, 227 respondents filled in and submitted the questionnaires making a response rate of 95% respectively. It was observed that community involvement and sustainability of donor funded food security projects correlated positively and significantly (r=0.548, p=0.000); Institution capacity and sustainability of donor funded food security projects correlated positively and significantly (r=0.521, p=0.000) and roles of donors and sustainability of donor funded food security projects correlated positively (r=0.534, p=0.000). Finally, the study established that donors play a very important role in ensuring sustainability of donor funded food security projects.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effects of Urban Expansion on Agricultural Resources: A Case Study of Embu Town in Kenya

Eliud K. Murimi, Lucy K. Njeru, Bernard M. Gichimu, Samuel N. Ndirangu

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v33i430186

Aim: To determine the effect of urban development on agricultural resources in peri-urban areas of Embu town.

Study Design:  Descriptive survey design involving observational and survey methods.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out in three sub-locations lying within the peri-urban areas of Embu town, namely, Kamiu to the East, Njukiri to the West and Nthambo to the North of the town. The study was carried out from June to August 2018.

Methodology: Purposive stratified sampling was applied in this study where the three sub-locations were organized into three strata depending on their distance from the Central Business District i.e. 2, 4 and 6 Km for Kamiu, Njukiri and Nthambo respectively. A structured questionnaire was administered to 51 households per sub-location making a total of 153 respondents. Additional data was collected using personal observations and interviews with selected institutions with key information relating the study area. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Descriptive analysis was carried out to generate frequencies and correlations. Quantitative data was subjected to Analysis of Variance where the three sub-locations were considered as treatments and means separated using Least Significant Difference at 95% level of confidence.

Results: The results indicated that urban development had encroached into hitherto agricultural areas exerting pressure into available agricultural resources such as land, water and labour thus contributing to reduced farming activities in the area. Significant differences between the three sub-locations were observed in average farm sizes, proportion of land allocated to farming, proportion of farmers in the area and availability of irrigation water and agricultural labour. The study recommends policy interventions to manage peri-urbanization in Embu and other towns with similar set up, in order to reduce degradation of agricultural resources and control unsustainable land sub-division and land use changes.