Open Access Original Research Article

Determination of Optimum Crop Mix Using Linear (LP) Programming among Small Holder Farmers in Agricultural Zone Four of Adamawa State, Nigeria

D. O. A. Phillip, E. Peter, A. A. Girei

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v34i230194

Linear programming was applied to farm data collected from 120 smallholder farmers in 2017/18 cropping season in agricultural zone four (4) of Adamawa state, Nigeria for the purpose of identifying optimal crop mix to maximize revenue. A total of twenty (20) cropping enterprises were identified in the existing cropping pattern, fifteen (15) mixed and five (5) sole cropping enterprises. Popular enterprises identified included four mixed and two sole cropping enterprises and all the six enterprises showed positive net return. The result of the linear programming analysis however, showed that the optimal farm plan at observed maximum resource levels admitted only groundnut and sorghum in the final plan to be produced at 2 hectares with an associated total gross margin of N478, 380.00. In the sensitivity analysis identified with the observed maximum resource level, land was the only binding resource in the final plan. The optimal farm plan at observed average resource levels showed that three enterprises; groundnut/sorghum, maize/sorghum and sole maize were admitted in the final plan under 0.45ha, 0.21ha and 0.17ha, respectively. The associated total gross margin was N153, 003.99. In the sensitivity analysis associated with the observed average resources, only NPK, SSP, Laraforce were binding resources. The study recommended that the optimum enterprises and resources combination obtained in the Linear Programming output should be extended to the farmers to enhance their profit level, beside; farmers should be encouraged through adequate support and promotions to improve the production techniques of these recommended enterprises.

Open Access Original Research Article

Determinant Factors of Farmers’ Performance Regarding Fertilizer Application: An Overview from Bangladesh

Thahamina Bagum, Md. Kamal Uddin, Salim Hassan, Nitty Hirawaty Kamarulzaman, Md. Zulfikar Rahman

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v34i230195

Aims: Farmers of Bangladesh use a less amount of urea fertilizer compared to the nutrient requirement and soil fertility status.  Hence, a significant gap between actual and recommended doses of fertilizers used by farmers have been reported in many instances. Therefore, this study assessed farmers’ performance towards fertilizer application, and explored the contribution of selected characteristics on that performance.

Study Design: This study employed a cross-sectional survey method using a correlational and descriptive research design.

Place and Duration of the Study: The study was conducted in twenty-one villages of Gaibandha district in Bangladesh during 17 July, 2017 to 20 September, 2017.

Methodology: A total of 355 farmers were selected as sample using multistage random sampling. Data, collected using structured questionnaire, were subjected to descriptive analysis, Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression for describing the level of selected variables, their relationships and their contributions on farmers’ performance, respectively.

Results: Most (45.9%) of the farmers had high level of performance regarding fertilizer application. Farmers’ age, household size, educational level, farm size, training received, extension media contact, knowledge and attitudes of farmers had positive and significant relationship with their fertilizer application performance. Regression model explained 45.3% of variance of farmers’ performance where age, household size, farm size, training received, extension media contact, knowledge and attitudes of farmers were found significant predictors of farmers’ fertilizer application performance. Knowledge was found to be the most contributing factor followed by age and training received.

Conclusion: The study concludes with recommendations that are expected to improving fertilizers application scenario of Bangladesh.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study on Constraints Faced by the Farmers in Adoption and Marketing of Extra Long Staple Cotton Production Technology

M. Deepika, M. Asokhan

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-4
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v34i230196

The present study was conducted to analyse the constraints faced by the farmers in the adoption and marketing of ELS cotton production technology. The study was taken up in two blocks of Vellore district namely, Tirupattur and Kandhili blocks of Tamil Nadu. The sample size of 132 cotton growers was drawn on proportionate random sample method. The data were collected using a well-structured interview schedule and data were analysed using appropriate statistical analysis. The study revealed that less than two-thirds (62.87%) of the respondents faced the problem of labour crisis followed by a transportation problem (57.57%).

Open Access Original Research Article

Determinants of Agro-credit Repayment of Small- Holder Farmers in Tanzania

Sylivatus Berati Kashaga, Deus Dominic Ngaruko

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v34i230209

The study investigated the determinants loan repayment in the two selected districts of Kongwa in Dodoma region and Kilombero in Morogoro region of Tanzania. The objective of the study was to identify the determinants of agro-credit repayment of small-holder farmers in Tanzania. The main problem in this study is the existence of high rates of non-compliance to Agrocredit transactions among smallholder farmers. Primary data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire and key informants. Using a multistage sampling procedure, a total of 329 loan beneficiaries in the four segments namely; commercial banks, microfinance institutions (MFIs), government institutions and moneylenders were purposively and randomly selected and interviewed in the two districts. A Logistic (logit model) regression analyses were carried out to isolate and examine the determinants of loan repayment from the respondents' perspective. Findings revealed that the variables of farm size, type of crop, farming experiences, interest rates, and multiple borrowing were the main determinants of loan repayment. The findings also revealed that credit default rate was caused by high interest rates and loan access’ denial from commercial banks due to lack of bankable collaterals. The evidence from the analysis of the study indicating that farmer’s credit repayment is based on many factors which statistically proved significantly in both inferential and descriptive findings. Therefore, the study recommended the need for government to support the establishment of central collateral registry sometimes referred to as secured transactions which will unlock credit to smallholder farmers and assure them access to credits from both formal and informal sources at relatively low interest rates.

Open Access Original Research Article

Are Dairy Farmers of Haor (Wetland) Areas Food Secured?

Sree Shawon Chokraborti, Md. Abdul Baset, Abdullah Al Zabir, Md. Ariful Islam

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v34i230198

The present study was conducted to assess the food security status of dairy farmers in haor areas of Sunamganj district, Bangladesh. Food security index and binary logistic regression analysis were applied to analyze the data and data were collected by face to face interview of randomly selected dairy farmers with a structured questionnaire. About 56 percent of the dairy farmers were food insecure as they took below 2122 kilo calorie per day per person and rest 44 percent was food secure. Occupation and number of milking cows were found significantly interrelated with food security of dairy farmers and education was also responsible for the food security of respondents. So it may be concluded that the government and other developmental organization should take essential steps which will ensure better dairy farming to improve the food security condition of dairy farmer and help to keep the dairy sector alive.