Open Access Original Research Article

Perceived Effect of Dry Season Farming on Household Food Security in Goronyo Local Government Area of Sokoto State

D. H. Yakubu, N. Nwolisa, E. A. Kehinde, M. B. Muhammad, H. Shuaibu, T. Usman

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v35i130210

Some farm households engage in dry season farming to reduce the problem of food deficit due to low access to food and low income from agriculture. Coping strategy and daily calorie intake of farm households used to determine the level of food security is often subject to bias, thus determining the farmers’ perceived level of food security becomes imperative. This study was therefore conducted with main objective of assessing the perceived effects of dry season farming on household food security in Goronyo Local Government Area (LGA) of Sokoto State. A sample of 100 farmers was used. Data were obtained with the use of an interview schedule. Descriptive (frequencies and percentages) and inferential (Chi-square analysis) statistics were used to analyze the data. Findings indicated that the entire farmers were male; majority of whom were in their economically active age group of less than 50 years, married (73.0%), with no formal education (83.0%). Farming was their major occupation (94.0%), to which they devoted 1-5 hectares (91.0%) of their personal land (69.0%) for dry season farming. They cultivated mainly rice (76.0%) during the season and perceived that they were food secured (85.0%). They reported that dry season farming improved their standard of living (= 4.26), served as a source of income (= 3.84) and lowered their food insecurity level (= 3.65), among others.  Result of the Chi-square analysis indicated that a significant relationship between educational attainment of the farmers and their perceived level of food security (x2 = 0.003 < P value = 47.69). It was concluded that dry season farmers in Goronyo LGA of Sokoto State believed that dry season farming had a positive effect on their household food security.

Open Access Original Research Article

Socio-economic Characteristics of the Adopters and Non-adopters of Inter-cropping in Areca Nut Plantation in Ri-Bhoi District of Meghalaya

Dasiewdorshisha Sancley, Syed H. Mazhar

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v35i130211

The socio-economic status of farmers plays a vital role in Agriculture. It is observed from the present study that the farmers economic level affect the livelihood of the farmers in Ri-Bhoi District of Meghalaya. The farmers have tried to change their way of cropping by introducing inter-crops with the main crops to increase their income level. The purposed of this finding was to compare the difference in the socio-economic characteristics of the adopter and non-adopter of inter-cropping in areca nut plantation in Ri-Bhoi District of Meghalaya. Ri-Bhoi district of Meghalaya is therefore selected for the study. Since time immemorial, areca nut has been grown in Meghalaya as an important commercial crop. Ex-Post Facto research design was used for this study. The sample study was selected through multistage sampling method in the selected study area of the respondents. Number of respondents was selected using a simple random method based on the criteria of practicing areca nut plantation and those who practiced both areca nut plus inter-cropping. A survey of 310 adopters and 310 non-adopters of intercropping in areca nut plantation were selected for the study. Collection of primary data was done by interview schedule and appropriate statistical tools were used for interpretation of the data. Independent variables included in this were gender, age, marital status, educational level, type of house, family size, family type, social category, annual income, information seeking behaviour, participation in extension activities, social participation, innovativeness, scientific orientation, economic motivation and risk orientation. Based on the study it is observed there are few variables contributing to the significant difference between the adopters and the non-adopters in related to their socio-economic characteristics.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Impact of Tourism Development to Environmental and Socio Cultural Conditions of the People in the Taman Sari Tourism Area Yogyakarta

Ramon Hurdawaty, Dewi Ayu Kusumaningrum, Defri Efferiandi

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v35i130213

Aims: (1) To know the impact of tourism development on environmental conditions in the Taman Sari tourism area of ​​Yogyakarta, (2) To know the impact of tourism development on the socio-cultural conditions of the people in the Taman Sari tourism area in Yogyakarta.

Study Design: Case Study.

Place and Duration of Study: Taman Sari, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Betweeen April Until June 2016.

Methodology: This research uses the method the qualitative study. While design research methodology used is a method case study. Data collection was conducted through in-depth interviews with related offices, manager of Taman Sari, visitor and community around Taman Sari Yogyakarta.

Results: (1) The positive impact of tourism development on environmental conditions is the level of public awareness and attention in waste management around the Taman Sari area in Yogyakarta, The negative impacts that are polluted water and air, damage to vegetation and wildlife ecosystems and damage to cultural heritage in the Taman Sari Yogyakarta tourism area, (2) The positive impact the tourism development about social and cultural namely Javanese gamelan, wayang kulit, ketoprak jawa and batik in the Taman Sari Yogyakarta tourism area and cultural acculturation also occurs in buildings and food around Taman Sari Yogyakarta tourist area. The negative impacts, namely a shift in culture among young people and upper middle class people with low taste in arts and culture, in line with the development of tourism in the Taman Sari area of ​​Yogyakarta, many foreign cultural are imitated by young people around the area Taman Sari Yogyakarta tours in particular how to dress and the culture of drinking alcoholic beverages.

Conclusion: There was an impact of positive and negative changes in the development of tourism on the environmental and socio-cultural conditions of the community around the Taman Sari area of Yogyakarta.

Open Access Original Research Article

Contribution of Grain Marketing Cooperative to Members in Toke Kutaye District of West Shewa Zone, Ethiopia

Workneh Abebe, Daniel Tilaye

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v35i130214

Grain marketing cooperatives assist the members in ensuring food security. However, there was no adequate study that assessed the economic, social and financial benefits of cooperatives at the district. Hence, the objective of the study was to assess the contribution of grain marketing cooperatives to the members. A cross sectional survey was employed using 114 cooperative members. Systematic sampling technique was employed to identify the sample respondents. The data were collected using structured interview schedule, group discussion, key informant discussion and observation; and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, χ2 and partial budgeting. Partial budgeting result revealed that the members benefited because of their membership in grain marketing cooperatives The t-test and χ2 also revealed that market information, training, supply/provision of improved seed and size of livestock were significantly influencing the benefit of cooperatives to the members. Thus, cooperative promotion offices, research and NGOs need enhancing cooperatives through research and promotion activities on designing a system for value chain or market chain, selecting available service diversification; strengthening coordination and building the capacity of members for maintaining the quality of the production.

Open Access Original Research Article

Determinants of Adoption Rate of Rice Production Technologies Introduced by Agricultural Research Outreach Centres (AROCs) by Farmers in Niger State, Nigeria

N. Yusuf, E. Salau, A. A. Girei

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v35i130215

The study assessed the determinants of adoption rate of rice production technologies introduced by Agricultural Research Outreach Centres in Nigeria. Data were collected using a multi-sampling technique. Data were analysed using simple descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression. Results revealed that respondents’ mean age was 50 years; level of formal education of farmers was low and farm size was 2.5ha on the average. Age, farming experience, years of schooling and number of extension visits were the socioeconomic determinants affecting rate of adoption. It was recommended that more villages should be selected with partnership between government and the private sector in order to cover more grounds and increase the rate of adoption of new technologies. Also, government and relevant stakeholders should prioritize establishment of the best extension teaching methods and systems as well as administration to help increase adoption rate of innovations and sustainability of the use of these technologies over time.