Open Access Original Research Article

Experts’ Points of View on Developing Local Organic Bazaars in Turkey

Ismet Boz, Ali Kemal Ayan, Yener Ataseven, Cevahir Kaynakçı

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v37i230262

Aims: This study, in general, determined experts’ point of views on developing local organic bazaars in Turkey. Participants were 103 experts engaged with organic bazaars in different provinces of Turkey. The specific objectives were to identify a general profile of the expers engaged in organic bazaars in Turley, to determine respondents’ opinions about the current status of organic bazaars, and to develop recommendations for the development of organic bazaars in the future.

Place and Duration of Study: Questionnaires were completed in three different workshops held in İstanbul, İzmir, and Samsun provinces in 2018. Data analysis and writing the manuscript carried out at Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics, Samsun Turkey.

Methodology: Experts of organic bazaars from producers, sellers, controllers, ministry employees, or municipality representatives served as respondents. This study used descriptive statistics to analyze quantitative data and thematic analysis for qualitative responses.

Results: Respondents stressed that local organic bazaars in Turkey will be very effective in producing and consuming of organic commodities. As the bazaars are distribured across the country, more farmers will be engaged in organic production while more consumers will have access to organic products at reasonable prices. However, deficiencies particularly in management and legal regulation of local organic bazaars were also noted. Main measures to be taken to establish and improve organic bazaars included increasing trust and transparency, establishing sample organic bazaars in all provinces, focusing both on domestic and international markets, overcoming bureaucratic barriers, implementing a favorable price policy, examining successful organic bazaars, and publicizing organic commodities.

Conclusion: In order to overcome the obstacles and develop local organic bazaars in Turkey, cooperation among the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Trade, and local municipalities is necessary. In addition, NGOs at local levels should take initiative to support organic bazaars. Municipalities should provide adequate places accessible for consumers, producers, and processors. Moreover, social spaces should be established in organic markets where consumers, families and children can spend good time.

Open Access Original Research Article

Do Natural Resource Management Policies Ensure Environmental Justice in Benin?

Idrissou Bako, Ismail Moumouni-Moussa

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v37i230263

This article aims to analyze natural resource management policies in Benin. Natural resources in Benin play an important role for the livelihood of the population. The management policies of these natural resources involve several actors at different levels. This sector has also undergone several reforms with changes in intervention approaches from colonial times to the present day. Current reforms involving private organizations born of dissatisfaction with previous reforms lead us to question the governance of these resources. By adopting the perspective of the theory of environmental justice, we have analyzed natural resource management policies in Benin. The results of our study show that natural resource management in Benin provides mainly procedural justice, justice that does not guarantee sustainable management. The distributive justice that is fundamental in this management is poorly considered. This study suggests empirical research to determine the links between justice, feelings of justice of the populations and social changes observed especially, the specific cases of the agro-pastoral communities.

Open Access Original Research Article

Improved Vegetable Cultivation Practices: An Adoption Study among the Farmers’ of Some Selected Areas in Bangladesh

Moushumi Mobarak Mou, Md. Rafiquel Islam, Tanushree Mondal, Nipa Monalesa, Md. Masum Abdullah

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v37i230264

The research work has been done to determine the extent of adoption of improved vegetable cultivation practices by the farmers. Attempt was also made to explore the contribution of selected characteristics of farmers viz. age, education, family size, farm size, experience in vegetable cultivation, annual income, vegetable cultivation knowledge, extension media contact, organizational participation, innovativeness, training experiences and problems confrontation on their adoption of improved practices in vegetable cultivation.

It is a Field Survey Research Shajahanpur upazila under Bogra district of Bangladesh by the department of Agricultural Extension and Information System between January to June of 2018.

Data were collected from randomly selected 112 farmers of Chopinagar union under Shajahanpur upazila of Bogra district by using a structured interview schedule. Appropriate scales were developed in order to measure the variables. Multiple regression test was used to ascertain the contribution of the concerned independent variables on the dependent variable of the research work.

50% of the farmers had low adoption while 40% had medium adoption and 9.80% had high adoption of improved practices in vegetable cultivation. Among the selected characteristics education, experiences in vegetable cultivation, annual income, innovativeness and training experiences showed significant and positive contribution to their adoption of improved practices in vegetable cultivation. However, family size and problems confrontation showed the negative significant contribution to adoption of improved practices in vegetable cultivation of the farmers. Age, farm size, vegetable cultivation knowledge, extension media contact and organizational participation did not show any significant contribution on the adoption of improved practices in vegetable cultivation of the farmers.

Adoption of improved vegetable cultivation practices by the farmers will not be possible to improve in a significant extent unless the concerned authorities (like-Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Department of Agricultural Extension) take proper steps.

Open Access Original Research Article

Farmers’ Knowledge in Quality Seed Production Needed for Rice-A Test Development

Gottemukkula Bhavani, M. Sreenivasulu, Ravinder Naik

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v37i230265

Aims: Aim of the study is to develop a Farmers’ Knowledge test for the rice seed production farmers in order to assess their knowledge in rice seed production.

Study Design:  Expost facto research design was adopted.

Methodology: Sample: Pretesting was done on 100 rice production farmers in central zone of Telangana state using multistage random sampling procedure with identifying the dimension, collection of items followed by item analysis and checking the reliability and validity for precision and consistency of the results. Test was conducted on October 2019.

Results The process of developing and standardizing of knowledge test was started. A Total of 57 statements were framed.

Conclusion: 32 statements were finally retained which has practical applicability in ascertaining the knowledge of farmers towards rice seed production.

Implications: This standardized test tests the knowledge of rice farmers on rice seed production. This test thereby it facilitates to take the right decisions by farmers, Government officials under rice seed production and policy makers. It can be used extensively by future validating the test. 

Open Access Original Research Article

Insurance Behaviour of Insured Farmers under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna (PMFBY) in Central India

H. K. Niranjan, R. S. Chouhan, H. O. Sharma, Akhilesh Kuri, S. S. Thaku

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v37i230266

To identify insurance behaviour of insured farmer’s, the study was carried out by Agro Economic Research Centre, JNKVV, Jabalpur. Umaria, Jabalpur and Sagar districts have been selected randomly under the ICICI-Lombard, AIC and HDFC-ERGO were found to be major implementing agencies of PMFBY in Madhya Pradesh. From each agency 40 respondents were selected from the respective districts constituting sample size of 120 respondents. District Cooperative Bank was found to be the main implementing bank in the area under study. 90 per cent of the HHS availed crop insurance facility under PMFBY. More than 80 per cent HHs were found to be aware of PMFBY and the main source of awareness was found to be TV/Newspaper and relatives/friends (>35%) followed by government awareness programmes (>20%) and insurance companies (>10%) among HHs. The major events of losses were found to be yield loss (36.67%) followed by prevented sowing/planting due to deficit rainfall or adverse weather (3.33%). The compensation secured in Kharif was found to be more in case of loanee insured (Rs. 8236/-) as compared to non-loanee insured (Rs. 6379/-) HHs. The majority of HHs did not know the complete feature of PMFBY in totality and opined that this is the same as the previous scheme (90%). It was also observed that 44 and 66 per cent of loanee and non-loanee insured HHs used to inform the event of losses to bank officials (>35%) and local government officials (>57%).