Open Access Original Research Article

Utilization of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) Tools for Sharing of Agricultural Related Information in Osun State: Implications for Rural Information Needs

Saheed Ige Adetunbi, A. T. Kareem, B. A. Oyebamiji

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930402

The study was motivated by the need to harness technological advancement to enhance agricultural production in Osun State. The study assessed the utilization of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) tools for sharing of agricultural related information in Osun State, Nigeria. The study illustrated the socio economic characteristics of the Respondent, identified the available ICT tools for sharing of various agricultural related information, identified agricultural related information shared through various available ICT tools, measured the frequency of utilization of the identified ICT tools and assessed the severity of challenges encountered by Respondent in the utilization of ICT tools in the study area. Sixty percent of Extension Agents in each of the three zones in the study area were sampled. The data collected were examined using descriptive statistics tools while regression analysis was used to test the significant relationship between the socio-economic characteristics of Respondents and their frequency of utilization of ICT Tools for sharing of agricultural related information in the study areas. The analysis of the data was carried out with the use of SPSS version 22. The findings revealed that the average age of Respondents was 39 years; more than half of the respondent (67.1%) were male; most (81.4%) of the respondent were married; majority (68.6%) of the respondent were Christian; about (70%) of the respondent had tertiary education. The mean household size was 5 members per household; majority of the respondents belonged to one association or the other and they access the internet with their own data plan. Radio (wms 2.7) was ranked first as most available ICT tools for sharing information in the study area. Furthermore, information on availability and sources of farm inputs (wms2.3) was ranked most shared information while information on storage facilities (wms1.0) was ranked the least shared information by the Respondents. Also, the initial cost of procurement of ICT gadgets, cost of maintenance, risk of theft of gadget, and fluctuating power supply were the major challenges encountered with the use of various ICT tools. Regression analysis identified a significant relationship between selected socio-economic characteristics of the Respondents and frequency of Utilization of ICT Tools for sharing Agriculture related information. The study recommended use of Radio as medium through which agricultural related information should be shared bearing in mind its ease of access, little cost of procurement and maintenance, extent of reach and frequency of usage among the respondents. Provision of access to internet facility was recommended in order to afford respondents a limitless right to use information on the World Wide Web. Finally, alternative source of power to enable respondents recharge their ICT gadgets was recommended to make up for unreliable electricity supply.

Open Access Original Research Article

Perception of Recipients of Agricultural Science Education of Agriculture and Agribusiness: A Survey

Olufemi Adeyemi Owoade

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 11-20
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930403

Effort of government at all levels to transform agricultural sector in Nigeria and diversify the economy from oil required that Nigeria educated youth should be persuaded to take active roles in the process. As youth have latent potential to overcome some major constraints to improving agricultural productivity. Major step in this direction is to encourage and support graduates of agriculture and related fields to take up career in agribusiness. On these premises this paper examined willingness of students of vocational agricultural education in colleges of education to take up career in agricultural-entrepreneurship. Questionnaires were given to 76 final year students in the department of Agricultural Science Education, The College of Education, Lanlate. The findings revealed that respondents have positive perceptions of agriculture and agribusiness and showed strong willingness to find their opportunity to contribute as leaders and participants in agricultural sector. Major challenges to willingness to actively participate in agribusiness were found to be limited-access to capital, land, agribusiness information and extension services, risk of uncertainty in agriculture, and high cost of inputs. The paper recommended strengthening of extension services and out of school agricultural knowledge, improve access to capital, land and information on government support and reinvigoration of agricultural-entrepreneurship education to make it relevant to needs of the recipients and address emerging challenges in agricultural sector.

Open Access Original Research Article

Study on Consumer Buying Behavior, Awareness and Preference for A2 Milk in Hyderabad, India

Vadapally Mounika, B. Ganesh Kumar, . Seema, K. Supriya

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 21-29
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930404

Now-a-days almost all trending milk start-ups were following the principles and practices of age-old people. Indians were known to consume the desi milk since ages which is categorized as A2 milk. The concept of A2 milk has again trended when people started realizing the benefits of A2 milk, so market for A2 milk is also increasing rapidly. Around 10 A2 milk firms have emerged over the last 5 years in Hyderabad city, Hence, the study taken up to study consumer buying behaviour, awareness and preference of A2 milk in Hyderabad, Telangana state from January-March 2020. The 120 consumers were selected randomly from segmented areas of selected firms in the study area. Percentages, Chi-square test and factor analysis methods were used to analyse the data. The study revealed that majority of the consumers are well educated, middle aged people having more than 8lakhs annual income. Majority of the consumers were aware about A2 milk consumption increases brain function and A2 milk is a good measure for Type-I diabetes majorly through word-of-mouth and social media. Product quality, product attributes, health benefits, easy accessibility and word of mouth are the five factors which influencing the consumers to purchase A2 milk. Majority of the consumers were purchasing 3-7 litres/week of A2 milk on alternate day and depended upon home delivery for their regular purchase of A2 milk. Family size and annual income of the family had a significant association in determining the quantity of purchase of A2 milk.

Open Access Original Research Article

Rate of Adoption and Diffusion of Dairy Innovations by the Dairy Farmers in Andhrapradesh

G. Triveni, G. R. K. Sharma, Ch. Satyanarayana, K. Sarjan Rao, T. Raghunandhan

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 30-37
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930405

Rate of adoption in the present study refers to the acceptance and application by a respondent, some or all the innovations recommended in the package of selected dairy innovations. Rate of diffusion is operationalized as the time taken by the dairy farmer to implement the innovation recommended, to the time form which the farmer is aware of the innovation. A total of 360 dairy farmers, who were first to adopt innovations suggested by the State Animal Husbandry Department from three districts of Andhra Pradesh i.e., Visakhapatnam, Krishna and Chittoor districts were selected purposively for the study. A total of nine dairy innovations were suggested for adoption to the dairy farmers in the study area. Based on adoption quotient computed, the farmers were categorized into low, medium and high adopters and item analysis on adoption of dairy innovations was carried out. Item analysis identified that, out of the nine practices recommended, only five practices i.e., package of practices for rearing heifers, pregnant and lactating animals; feeding of area specific mineral mixture, strategies for enhancement of milk yield and quality, marketing strategies to improve milk sales, use of ICT’s in adoption of innovations were adopted by majority of dairy farmers while remaining four practices i.e., cultivation and feeding of Azolla, hydroponic fodder, use of milking machine and formulation and feeding of complete feed blocks had shown almost low to nil adoption by sizeable section of the respondents. The reasons for adoption of the above mentioned five practices is due to dominant role played by them in influencing production levels, minimum input costs and high economic returns where as the remaining four practices involved high input costs, sound operational skills, low economic returns and non-applicability in all situations which might have been the reasons for their adoption to a meager extent.

Open Access Original Research Article

Oil Pollution, Water Quality and Livelihood Sources in the Kolo Creek Area, Bayelsa State Nigeria

L. Ushie, Chukwu-Okeah G. O., Imiete G.

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 38-47
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930406

Aim: This study was conducted in Kolo creek, Ogbia, Bayelsa state to ascertain the effects of oil pollution on water quality and its attending consequences on the people’s livelihood sources.

Study Design: The study adopted the quasi experimental and cross sectional research design.

Methodology: A total of 587 respondents were used as the sample for the study, where 587 copies of the questionnaire were designed, distributed and returned filled and used for analysis.  Water quality analysis was done for consumable water quality and Aquaculture.

Results: The study revealed that oil pollution affects water quality in the area, given rise to a decline in food production and low fish catch amongst others. It also revealed that total heterotrophic bacteria level in the communities exceeds the WHO permissible limit for water quality and hence the water is not fit for consumption. All the parameters tested for Aquaculture based analysis were found to be within the WHO permissible limit for aquaculture except for TSS and DO for Otuasega community. Statistically, the study revealed that there is a statistically significant difference in the quality of water in the sampled communities and the World Health Organisation (WHO) standard for consumable water quality. The study also revealed that oil exploitation affects livelihood sources of Ogbia people.

Recommendation: The study recommends that the people’s livelihood sources should be revitalized, through full remediation and support to the locals to bring to end agitations and illegal activities which hamper National economy and growth and development.

Open Access Original Research Article

Exploring the Potential and Performance of the Oilseed Mustard Variety Binasharisha-9 in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh

Razia Sultana, Md. Habibur Rahman, Mohammad Rashidul Haque, Md. Mohsin Ali Sarkar, Syful Islam, Ashrafun Nahar, Mohammad Monirul Hasan Tipu, Nowrin Islam Toma

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 48-57
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930407

The study aimed to identify the profitability of mustard variety and was conducted in three Binasarisha-9 growing areas of Bangladesh, namely Mymensingh, Sherpur and Ranpur district. In total, data were collected from randomly selected 180 farmers, 60 farmers from each area. Survey was conducted in sadar, Gouripur and Nalitabari Upazila of Rangpur, Mymensingh, and Sherpur district, respectively. From each areas 30 farmers was adopters and 30 was non-adopters. In the sampled areas data were collected through pre-designed interview schedule from January-March, 2019. Tabular, descriptive statistics and logit model were used to fulfill objectives.The study ascertains that mustard production is profitable. The average per hector net return was Tk. 22278.34 and profitability ratio was 1.50. Thirteen explanatory variables were performed in logit regression analysis in this study. The result of logit regression model shows that experience of household head, farm size, annual income, yield, training, and extension contact were found as positively significant and earning person, duration and weather were found as negatively significant variables in explaining the variation in Binasarisha-9 adoption of farm households. The major constraints were: About 20% mentioned about lack of training facilities and was top ranked followed by quality seed in timely (13.33%), infestation of disease (11.11%), and other (9.99%) were found among the mustard growers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Profit Efficiency of Sesame Production in Yobe State, Nigeria: A Stochastic Translog Profit Function Approach

S. E. Jonah, B. G. Shettima, A. S. S. Umar, E. Timothy

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 58-70
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930408

Aims: Sesame productions are constantly bedeviled with menace because of inadequate supply of quality seed, extension services, credit facilities, presence of inefficiencies among others. The capacity of sesame producers to accept new innovation and achieve sustained production relies upon the level of profit efficiency, generally dictated by variable input and output prices including the cost of fixed factors of production. Physical profitability contemplations such technical, allocative and economic efficiency are significant in improving production proficiency but profit efficiency will result to higher profit to sesame farmers. This paper examined the profit efficiency of sesame production in Yobe State, Nigeria.

Research Methods: Multistage sampling procedure is utilized to choose the farmers. A structured questionnaire is administered to 180 respondents spread across 12 Local Government Areas to acquired essential information. Descriptive statistics used includes mean, frequency and percentage. The inferential statistic used is stochastic translog profit function.

Findings: The result of levels of profit efficiency shows the mean profit efficiency of 0.8828. The result of the translog profit function indicates the sigma square to be 0.249 and variance of 0.909. All the cost variables has negative coefficients and significant at one percent level except for cost of farmlands. The inefficiency variables levels of education, Access to Extension Services, Access to credits among others reduce inefficiency while off-farm income and access to market information increase inefficiency.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that inefficiency exist in the utilization of resources. All the input cost variable decreases profit efficiency and all the socioeconomic characteristics decreases profit inefficiency with the exception of, off-farm income and access to market information which were found to increase profit inefficiency.

Open Access Original Research Article

Thermal Power Emission and Its Impact on Betel Vine (Piper betel): A Participatory Action Research in West Bengal

Sk Wasaful Quader, Arindam Ghosh, S. K. Acharya, Monirul Haque, Kabita Mondal, Amitava Biswas

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 71-79
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930409

Thermal power stations are now considered as the foremost global concern as these are responsible to produce detrimental effects on the environment. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impact so proposed project or development, taking into account inter-related socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts, both beneficial and adverse. In this study, the perception of certain(60)farmers in 5 villages of Kolaghat block of Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India are recorded and analyzed on the basis of their knowledge and views about thermal power, environment and about their individual enterprises. There are 10 independent variables-ages (x1), education (x2), family Member (x3), income (x4), homestead land (x5), total Land (x6), land under Boroj (x7), input cost (x8), and livestock number (x9), distance of villages from Kolaghat thermal power plant (x10) and 1 dependable variables- 1) perceived impacts of Kolaghat thermal power plant on betel vine(y2). From this empirical study, it has been found to be concluded that the common perception among the betel growers is that the Kolaghat thermal power plant produces huge amount of flu ash which reduces their level of income on betel vine. Thick layer of fly ash reduces the quality of leaves and bronzing occurred which affect production. It affects betel vine borojes. It is found from the result that villages which are nearly placed at Kolaghat thermal power plant side are mostly affected.

Open Access Original Research Article

Participatory Rural Appraisal Techniques for Problem Identification and Formulation of Village Agricultural Development Plan of Chosla Village

Rahul Banerjee, Seema Sheoran, Saurabh Kumar, Rajeshwar Sanodiya, V. G. Dhanya, Mahesh Kumar Samota

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 80-99
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930410

Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) paves a way to understand the grass root level problems faced by farmers following which successful research programs can be proposed. The present study was carried out at Chosla Village of Tonk District in Rajasthan. The PRA tools such as transect walk, agro-ecological mapping, social mapping, time trend, seasonal calendar, gender analysis, timeline, livelihood analysis, technology mapping, consequence diagram and SWOT analysis. Around 20 major problems were identified; in which  aphid in mustard, fragmented lands, non-availability of irrigation water were the top three agricultural problems whereas among the non-agricultural problems: sanitation, lack of higher Education facility and lack of awareness about govt. schemes occupied the top three positions. The action plans for these various problems were formulated by the researchers which would eventually serve as the solutions to improve the socio and economic status of the peoples of the Chosla village.

Open Access Original Research Article

Rural Women Involvement in Post-Harvest Rice Production Activities in Ekiti State, Nigeria

J. O. Okunlola, A. Ajileye, O. Owolabi

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 100-105
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930411

Women play important roles in food production most especially in the rural areas of Nigeria. The study therefore assessed the involvement of women in post-harvest rice production activities in Ekiti State, Nigeria. A well-structured interview schedule was used to collect primary data from one hundred and twenty (20) women who were rice farmers. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The study revealed that the mean age of the respondents was 41 years. Majority of the respondents were married (90.0%) with an average household size of 6persons. High cost of mechanical threshing machine ( 2.96) and inadequate finance ( 2.66) were the major constraints to respondents’ involvement in post-harvest rice production activities in the study area. The study recommends that women processors should form cooperative societies to procure combined harvesters, de-stoner, threshers and milling machines so as to reduce the drudgery involved in the processing of rice and rice processors should be given opportunity of financial assistance to procure essential storage equipment for their processing activities.

Open Access Original Research Article

Yield from Pulse Cultivation in Purulia, West Bengal: The Socio-Ecological and Techno-Managerial Interpretation

Subham Mandal, Sankar Kumar Acharya, Amitava Biswas, Riti Chatterjee

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 106-112
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930412

In India, pulses are mainly cultivated on marginal lands under rain fed conditions. Only 15% of the area under pulses has assured irrigation. High level of fluctuations in production of pulse crops because of various biotic and abiotic stresses and erratic prices, farmers are not very willing to take up pulse cultivation inspite of high wholesale pulse prices in the recent years. In rice-fallow agriculture in Purulia, pulse is the main source of protein to millions and a dependable mentor of soil health. The present study has been conducted in Manbazar-1 and Purulia-1 blocks of Purulia district and data were collected from 75 respondents who are mainly small and marginal farmers. The selection of the respondents has followed the random sampling method by using an exhaustive list of pulse growers from selected locale. Size of land holding and cost of fuel have got the most importance. The study has offered a unique micro level policy implication at a time when the entire nation is trying to boost up pulse productivity and cultivation throughout the length and breadth of geography of India.

Open Access Original Research Article

Market Research on Factors Influencing the Buying Decision on Tractors by Farmers in Adilabad District, Telangana

Bhure Kaustub, B. Ganesh Kumar, P. Radhika, D. Srinivasa Chary

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 113-120
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930413

Consumer makes buying decision in everything they buy in their lives. It deals from purchasing to evaluating it after purchase so, market research on factors influencing the buying decision is necessary. Hence, the study focus on buying decision on tractors by farmers and penetration level of tractors in each market segment in Adilabad district, Telangana state from January –march 2020. Garrett ranking technique and arithmetic mean were used to analyse the data. The study revealed that 5 different tractor brands of tractors, viz. Eicher, Mahindra, Swaraj, John Deere and Escorts with different models. Farmers ranked Fuel/Oil efficiency as the first factor in purchase of tractor Farmers ranked fuel/oil efficiency as the first factor in purchase of tractor followed by subsidies, maintenance cost, horse power, low priced tractor, recommendations by relatives/friends/local mechanics/dealers/company persons, brand reputation, spare parts, product appearance, service of the company, sales promotion/ gift scheme, easy availability of finance and resale value in the descending order of ranking. Dealer ranked the factors that the farmers considered in tractor purchase were subsidy followed by fuel efficiency, maintenance cost, low price, horse power, recommendation by relatives/ local mechanics/ dealers/ company persons, spare parts, recommendation of people on brand, product appearance, service of company, sales promotion/gift scheme, and resale value in the descending order of ranking. Apart from these, the sample farmers believed that 40-50 horse power segment was the most suitable segment for the selected area and it is ranked first by sample farmers. Greater than 50 horse power segment was the next suitable segment 3 per cent 30-40 horse power segment was preferred by 2 per cent of the sample farmers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Economics of Indian Bean [Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet] Production Influenced by Application of Novel Organic Liquid Nutrient and Novel Plus Organic Liquid Nutrient

D. D. Champaneri, N. K. Patel, C. S. Desai, B. M. Tandel

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 121-126
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930414

Indian bean is an imperious vegetable crop of India as it works as source of nutritional food along with handful amount of money to grower in its seasonal tenure. Organic farming is crucial need of recent era in order to provide healthy food without adversely affecting the ecosystem. Considering above given facts, present experiment was taken with objective to find out effects of Novel organic liquid nutrient and Novel Plus organic liquid nutrient application on economics of Indian bean [Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet] production. The experiment was portrayed under Randomized Block Designed with three replications and seven treatments i.e. No spray (T1), 0.5% Novel organic liquid nutrient (T2), 1.0% Novel organic liquid nutrient (T3), 1.5% Novel organic liquid nutrient (T4), 0.5% Novel Plus organic liquid nutrient (T5), 1.0% Novel Plus organic liquid nutrient (T6) and 1.5% Novel Plus organic liquid nutrient (T7) at Navsari Agricultural University, Gujarat, India on Indian bean variety Gujarat Navsari Indian Bean 22 (GNIB 22). Higher net income (Rs. 1,05,178 per ha) and BCR (1.21) were found under the treatment T5 (0.5% Novel Plus organic liquid nutrient). Thus, application of 0.5% Novel Plus organic liquid nutrient increases the yield and BCR of Indian bean production without adversely affecting the ecosystem as it is an organic input.

Open Access Original Research Article

Profitability Analysis and Factors Influencing Profit Level of Small-Scale Broiler Farmers in Nigeria

Afodu Osagie John, Shobo Bolatito Adenike, Ayo-Bello Taofeek Ayodeji, Abasilim Chinwe Frances

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 127-135
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930415

Broiler birds are widely praised for its palatability and nutritious values which are mainly for meat purpose, and also serves as source of income to many households in Nigeria. The broiler industry is faced with high cost of production thereby reducing the farmers profit. The study was conducted in three Geopolitical zones in Nigeria. A multistage sampling technique was adopted for this study for the selection of 540 broilers farmers out which 392 returned a well filled questionnaire where data were extracted for the study. Data for this study were analysed using descriptive (frequency and percent) budgetary analysis and inferential (Logit regression) statistics. Factors affecting the profit level of broiler farmers were age (γ1= -0.145, p= 10%), households size (γ3= -5.477, p=10%), educational status of the farmers (γ4= 0.228, p= 5%), number of birds (γ7= 0.575, p= 5%), cost of feed (γ8= -1.022, p= 1%), cost of water (γ9= -1.277, p= 1%), cost of drugs (γ10= -1.640, p= 5%) and cost of chick (γ11= -7.104, p= 1%). Young people should be encouraged to be involved in production of broiler, since agriculture has aging population and help in employment creation. Farmers should maintain a low number of households so as to increase their profit. The farmers should have some forms of education on the production of broilers so as to enhance their profit.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Rural Credit on Economics of Paddy Cultivation in Varanasi District of Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India

Brijesh Kumar Patel, Harendra Pratap Singh Choudhri, . Supriya, G. P. Singh, Pavan Kumar Singh

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 136-142
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930416

Keeping in view the importance of finance in farming a study was conducted in Varanasi district of eastern U.P. One hundred twenty sample farmers including 60 borrowers and 60 non borrowers were surveyed and data were analyzed. The result shows that marginal farms were well managed as compared to small sample farms. And borrower farmers certainly did more profitable paddy cultivation than the non-borrower sample farms. Thus it is suggested that financial support to the farmers always be continued.

Open Access Original Research Article

Farmers Contribution to Agriculture in Rural Development of Fufore Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria

M. R. Umar, I. J. Suleiman

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 156-167
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930418

This study was carried out to access farmer’s contribution to Agriculture in Rural Development of Fufore LGA of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Seven wards within the LGA were selected (Ribadu, Gurin, Farang, Mayo-ine, Pariya, Karlahi and Yadim). Thirty (30) questionnaires were randomly distributed to the household in each ward selected through multi-state random sampling technique as primary data. A total of Two Hundred and Ten (210) farmers were selected for the study. Data were analyzed with the aid of descriptive statistics and multiple regression models. Results show that Age, Marital status, Farm size, Family size, Education level have percentage ranging from 10-28.6, 13.3-31, 4-69, 5.2-31 and 15.2-37.6% respectively while Primary occupation, Access to credit, Number of extension visit and farm income percentage values ranged from 3.8-43.9, 15.7-25.7, 5.7-53.4 and 8.1-35.7% respectively.  The result further shows that the majority of the respondents are still in their youthful stage and 31% of them were married. The study further reveals that 69% of the respondents cultivate on 1-5 hectares of land, the result of the multiple regression analysis indicates that farm size was negative and significant at 5% level; Education level has a positive coefficient and significant at 1% level while access to credit coefficient was positive and significant at 5% level. The findings of the regression equation determine the manner towards farmer’s contribution to agriculture in rural development and examine the constraints militating farmer’s contributions to agriculture in the study area. Cob-Douglas function with R­2 value of 0.813 was chosen as the lead equation. Low price of farm output poor extension visits, market distance, is some of the major problems affecting the contribution of agriculture to the development of the study area. It was therefore recommended that there is need to train and provide farming equipment’s, agricultural credit should also provide the needed environment to foster rural development facilities in Fufore Local Government Area of Adamawa State.

Open Access Original Research Article

Use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Tools in Increasing Income of Tribal Farmers of Karnataka

H. Ravindra, Mukesh Sehgal, H. B. Narasimhamurthy

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 168-178
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930421

Information and Communications Technology (ICT) tools play a vital role in accessing the information on agriculture and allied activities most of the tribal farmers of Uttara Kannada district are accessing the information via mobile phones, television and radio. They express their views on ICT tools helps in getting the information on agriculture especially  agriculture inputs, fertilizers, use of bioagents, insecticides and also management of pest an diseases in rice, chilli, areca nut and other vegetables, vermicomposting, value addition etc. The study has shown that poor finance facility in buying the ICT tools, lack of confidence in operating, lack of power supply, low network connectivity, lack of awareness of benefits of ICTs, lack of skill in handling ICTs, low ICT literacy, lack of repairing facilities, attitudinal barriers towards ICTs, lack of training and practical exposure, high cost of repairing ICTs and insufficient regional language were the major constraints faced by the farmers in the effective use of ICTs. Since there is an increased penetration in the level of availability and accessibility of ICTs among the farmers of the state, there is a need to ensure that the problems of the farmers are being met in order to enable the farming community derive maximum benefits on better access to information services through the use of ICTs for agriculture and other developmental purposes. This study seems to be the first report on usage of ICT tools by Tribal farmers in Karnataka.

Open Access Review Article

COVID-19 and Bangladesh: Socio-Economic Analysis towards the Future Correspondence

Momotaj Begum, Md. Shaikh Farid, Mohammad Jahangir Alam, Swarup Barua

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 143-155
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930417

The COVID-19 has caused gigantic negative effects on populace wellbeing, society, education, and the economy in Bangladesh. The aim is to deliver a comprehensive overview of the observed and the possible impacts that could appear in the coming days. The study is based on secondary information. During the early period, due to a lack of accurate facts about the case affected and death tension up-and-down among the nations. The total number of confirmed cases is increasing following geometric patterns in Bangladesh. Dairy farmers, vegetable producers, pharmaceuticals, poultry farmers are in deep crisis due to lower prices. Also, the pandemic has seriously affected educational systems, banking, FDI, ready-made garments, remittances, etc. Finally, it is not possible to mitigate the effects of pandemic individually but the integrated effort from the state authority as well as concern people of all sectors need to come forward.