Women volunteerism in Nigeria is very significant for effective designing, implementation and evaluation of all their empowerment programs. Self-help group (SHG) approach is one of the fundamental beliefs of women towards empowerment, that only when they join they can be able to become self-reliant. The objective of this paper is to determine how women’s belief in volunteerism influences their level of empowerment as volunteers in SHGs. It has been established that belief has direct positive impact on the level of empowerment of women that actively participate in volunteering through SHGs. A total of 255 women volunteers in SHGs were selected randomly through multi-stage stratified sampling methods. The data was collected through the use of structured self-report questionnaire and the data was analyzed using IBM SPSS version 22 Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation co-efficient technique. The highest relationship and positive linear relationship was found between empowerment and normative belief (r = .72, p = 0.000), while relationship between empowerment and self-belief (r = 5.9, p = 0.000) indicates moderate positive linear. The paper concludes that women belief in volunteerism will intensely encourage their participation in SHG volunteering activities for holistic community development. As such, women SHGs in Nigeria should be exposed to all available positive volunteering activities to enable them become aware of the global standards and also capacity building of volunteers should be given a priority with a clear mission of increasing the knowledge, skills and attitudes of women volunteers in SHGs.
The study was carried out to assess the trend in animal farming in Benue State, Nigeria for the period before year 2007, 2007, 2008, 2009, and in year 2010. Multistage sampling technique was used to select twelve blocks from the three zones in the State. Thirty cells and four hundred and thirty two farmers were sampled from the blocks. Data were analyzed with percentage and mean score while some were presented in charts. The study recorded that little or no change has occurred in animal farming in the area. Poultry was more commonly kept during the period studied and this was mostly done under extensive management system. Thus, there is need for increase in awareness of the importance of animal farming. Agricultural extension agents should engage in more training for farmers on rearing animals like cattle, sheep, and most importantly micro livestock like fish, snail and rabbit that are prolific and lucrative in order to combat malnutrition and ensure household food security.
This paper aims to analyze the competitiveness of rice of a peasant organization on the market of Glazoué. By using the Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) method, results show that the production of rice is an economically and financially profitable activity. This activity has a comparative advantage to compete with imported rice because the Cost of Domestic Resource (CDR) of the rice production is less than the unit. The transformation of the parboiled rice and white rice is an activity also financially and economically profitable. The parboiled rice has a comparative advantage to compete with imported rice, but the parboiled rice is more competitive than the white rice. For a better competitiveness of rice production and the UNIRIZ_C in a perspective of economy diversification, the development of dregs and Irrigation should be the priority of the policy makers in order to increase national productivity, to meet the local demand and to ensure food security in Benin.
Aims: The objective of this research is to study the socio-economic and institutional determinants to the adoption of improved cowpea varieties. Specifically, it aims to estimate the rate of adoption of improved cowpea varieties and to determine the factors influencing the decision to adopt it.
Study Design: A questionnaire survey was conducted in northern Burkina Faso to collect data on the determinants of adoption of improved varieties of cowpea.
Place and Duration of Study: The survey was conducted in four villages in two communes in northern Burkina Faso in April 2016 for a month between 01/04/2016 and 30 April 2016.
Methodology: This study was conducted in two rural communes in the northern of Burkina Faso. On both sites, the sampling of producers has been purposive, striving to keep farmers in various situations including head farmer’s gender and age. Two villages were surveyed in each rural commune, or on the whole, four villages surveyed for both communes. An econometric model was used, it is a binary model, the probit model. On the whole, one hundred and seventy-seven (177) farms were surveyed. Data were collected using a questionnaire and analyzed using the SPSS and Stata software.
Results: The results give a rate 70.06% of adoption of improved cowpea varieties. The econometric results showed that five variables have influenced the decision to adopt improved varieties of cowpea, including: age, training to use improved cowpea varieties, the number of small ruminants possessed, the practice of vegetable gardening and the use of pesticides. Only vegetable gardening negatively influences the adoption of improved varieties, while the other four variables positively influence the adoption of improved cowpea varieties.
Conclusion: The adoption of new improved varieties of cowpea by farmers requires a capacity building of producers on the technical itinerary of the crop which is an important source of food and income for the population of this area.
The study assessed the availability, accessibility, and use of mass media among urban and rural farmers in Kogi State, Nigeria. A three staged random sampling technique was used to select 320 urban and rural farmers for the study. Data for the study were collected through well structured questionnaire and subsequently analyzed with descriptive statistics and sigma scoring. The findings revealed that availability of television in the urban areas was 98% while in the rural areas it was 86.13%. 31.88% had access to television in the urban while 27.50% had its access. For radio, the availability was 98.13% in the urban and 98.12% in the rural while its access was 59.38% and 65% in the urban and rural areas respectively. The high level of availability and low level of accessibility of some of this mass media among urban and rural farmers could be attributed to factors such as high cost of purchase, illiteracy, time, low income level of the farmers among others. Sensitization and establishment of communication centres especially in rural areas were recommended.
The performance of Chickpea in India was studied with the objectives, to know about growth rates and variability in area, production and productivity. The secondary data on area, production and productivity of Chickpea in India were collected from various government publications of agriculture. Data pertaining to the period of 30 years i.e. from 1985-86 to 2014-15. From study, it was revealed that, the area under Chickpea in period-II (2000-01 to 2014-15) was increased. The growth rates in case of production for period-I (1985-86 to 1999-2000) was 2.02 per cent which is significant at 10 per cent level. In period-II (2000-01 to 2014-15), the growth rate was found 5.35 per cent which is significant at 1 per cent level. It was seen that, the growth rate of productivity of Chickpea for the period-I (1985-86 to 1999-2000) was 1.49 per cent which was significant at 1 per cent level. In period-II (2000-01 to 2014-15), it was found non significant. India exhibited low variation in period-I (1985-86 to 1999-2000) in area under Chickpea. India exhibited low variation of production in period-I (1985-86 to 1999-2000) and high variation in overall period. It means that, area and production of gram in India was constant for period-I (1985-86 to 1999-2000) & period-II (2000-01 to 2014-15).