Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Seasonal Pattern and Variation of Rice Prices in Tanzania

Mgale Yohana James, Yan Yunxian

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v37i330267

The objective of this paper was to study Tanzania’s rice sector, regarding the seasonal behavior of wholesale rice prices in the Mbeya Region. It’s considered that price is the most crucial variable in the farmer’s decision making. The classical multiplicative model was employed in the analysis of monthly time-series data from 2004 to 2018 to verify if there were changes in the seasonal variation pattern. The data were obtained from the Ministry of Industry, Trade, and Marketing in Tanzania. According to the results, rice prices seem to have followed a consistent and logical pattern around their annual average, in spite of increased uncertainty and variability in the overall Tanzania grains markets. The months of November to May were the best month for selling rice as the seasonal variation indexes were highest, above 100%; thus, farmers would gain more by storing rice during the harvest period for future sales. On the consumer side, the best month for purchasing rice was from June to October, which is harvest season. Knowledge of these rice price patterns and the risk levels of specific months can be useful to producers and purchasers as they develop their annual marketing plans.

Open Access Original Research Article

Socioeconomic Profile of Fish Farmers of Telangana and Usage of Mobile Apps

Kiranmayi Dhenuvakonda, Arpita Sharma, K. Pani Prasad, Rama Sharma

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v37i330268

This study assessed the socioeconomic profile of fish farmers of Telangana and usage of mobile apps by them. An interview schedule was designed to assess the socioeconomic profile and to compile information on usage of mobile phones. Information was collected about age, income, fisheries experience, farm size, production, species cultivated and constraints faced by farmers. Information on mobile phone usage was studied through possession of mobile phone/smart phone, usage of mobile phones, usage of mobile apps, awareness of agriculture/fisheries apps and attitude towards usage of apps related to fisheries. Farmers’ attitude towards mobile app related to fish culture was also studied. Results indicated that farmers’ age was in the range of 35-50 years. Yearly income was in the range 2-5 lakhs. They had fish farming experience between 15-30 years. Majority had pond size of <1 hectare and fish production was between 1-2 tonnes/hectare. It was found that all the farmers used smart phones. Most common apps used by farmers were WhatsApp, Facebook, YouTube and State Bank of India personal banking app. It was found that farmers were not aware of any mobile apps related to fisheries and aquaculture and thus usage was also not reported. However, they had a positive attitude towards usage of a mobile app related to fisheries. This study recommends development of mobile apps for fish farmers in a participatory manner which will be useful in disseminating information.  Based on farmers’ needs a mobile app Matsya Kiran was developed. 

Open Access Original Research Article

Outcome of Awareness Programmes on Adoption of Soil Test for Fertilizer Management in Tiruchirappalli District of Tamil Nadu

V. Dhanushkodi, G. Amuthaselvi, Noorjehan A. K. A. Hanif, S. J. Vijayalalitha

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v37i330269

Soil testing is a chemical process by virtue of which requirement of nutrients for plant can be analyzed so as to sustain the soil fertility. The basic objective of the soil testing is to provide a service to farmers to better and more economic use of fertilizers and better soil management practices for increasing agricultural production in their farm. The present study was conducted to explore the outcome of awareness programmes on adoption of soil testing conducted by Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Tiruchirappalli and its recommendations by the farmers from 2012-2017 in Tiruchirappalli district of Tamil Nadu. Primary data was collected in relation to awareness programmes conducted and number of soil samples analysed in laboratory to look at the farmers adopted soil testing and its recommendations.  The data revealed that under the awareness programmes conducted by the KVK were 52, 46, 47, 48 and 45 and during 2012-13, 2013-14, 2014-15, 2015-16 and 2016-17. Adoption of soils testing were 220, 190, 535, 603 and 695,  farmers benefitted were 120, 105, 300, 393 and 411 and villages covered were 32, 25, 25, 115,108 during 2012-13, 2013-14, 2014-15, 2015-16 and 2016-17 respectively.  A critical examination reveals that the trend in adoption of soil testing was increased in all the years. In the study it was found that awareness programmes on soil test and fertilizer management has the positive influence in adoption of soil test and fertilizer management and it was concluded that the technology transformation tools like training, demonstration, group meeting, exhibition, farmers day, awareness campaign, and social media like News paper, Tele vision and radio programmes etc., are effective to enhance the farmer’s knowledge, skill and attitude.

Open Access Original Research Article

Potato Growers Needs for Information on the Varieties and Fertilizers in Kafr Al-Zayat District in Al-Gharbia Governorate, Egypt

Elsaid Mahmoud Rageh, Mohammed Al Sayed Ahmed Zayed, Shereen Mohammed Mahmoud Asy

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v37i330270

The research aimed to identify the level of information need of the respondents with regard to the technical recommendations for potato crop varieties, as well as for fertilizing the potato crop, and to determine the relationship between the degree of information need, of technical recommendations for potato crop varieties, for fertilizing the potato crop, each as a dependent variable and all the independent variables studied. Other aims included identifying the sources from which respondents derive their information about the potato crop, to identify the problems encountered by the respondents concerning the varieties and fertilization of the potato crop.

This research was conducted in three villages randomly selected from 35 villages in Kafr Al-Zayat district in Al-Gharbia Governorate, namely, Qasta, Abeg and Al-Dalgamon, the sample size was 115 farmers. The data collection tool is an interview schedule, it was used to collect data during March 2019. Descriptive statistics frequency were used for presenting and analyzing the findings, along with, percentages, range, arithmetic average, standard deviation, chi- square test of independence, and Pearson's simple correlation coefficient.

The main findings indicate that: 71.3% of the respondents were of moderate levels of information need of the technical recommendations for potato crop varieties; 69.6% of the respondents were of moderate information need of technical recommendations for fertilizing the potato crop. Furthermore, correlation relationships of varieties lurks in a statistically significant relationship at the probability level of 0.01 between the degree of respondents information need for technical recommendations for potato crop varieties and the degree of education of the respondents as well as correlation relations for fertilization was shown in a statistically significant relationship at the probability level of 0.01 between the degree of respondents information need of technical recommendations for fertilizing the potato crop and between the degree of education of respondents, and the average productivity of the potato crop.

Open Access Original Research Article

Critical Assessment of Technical Programme under Tribal Sub Plan in Jammu & Kashmir

Muttanna ., Y. Satish, Pawan Shukla, Rajesh Kumar, Sukhen Roy Chowdhury

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2019/v37i330271

The term training refers to the acquisition of knowledge, skill and competencies as a result of the teaching of vocational practical skills. A study was conducted by Central Sericultural Research & Training Institute (CSR&TI), Pampore to find out the change in knowledge after the exit level in comparison with entry level assessment of Technical Orientation Programme (TOP) Under Tribal Sub Plan (TSP), was sponsored by Sericulture Development Department (SDD) of Kashmir, Government of Jammu & Kashmir, during 2018-19.Total 15 trained SDD staff was selected for the study. The data revealed that, majority of the trained SDD staff had change in knowledge about sericulture technologies/practices after the exit level in comparison with entry level assessment. In case of single trainee there was no change in knowledge about sericulture technologies/practices after the training programme. The data clearly indicated that, mean knowledge score of trained SDD staff with respect to entry level assessment was 5.267 and in case of exit level assessment was 7.600, respectively. The data revealed that, variance score of trained SDD staff with respect to entry level assessment was 1.924 and in case of exit level assessment was 0.686 respectively. This clearly shows that, significant change in knowledge after the exit level assessment with p value 0.00002. This training programme helped in capacity building of SDD staff by increasing the knowledge level, improved skills and self confidence.